9e_CH_09_Thinking_ANGEL

9e_CH_09_Thinking_ANGEL - ThinkingandLanguage...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–9. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1 Thinking and Language Language Influences Thinking Thinking in Images Animal Thinking and Language What Do Animals Think? Do Animals Exhibit Language?  The Case of the Apes
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
2 Cognitive Psychologists Thinking involves a number of mental activities,  which are listed below. Cognitive psychologists  study these in great detail. 1. Concepts_____ 2. Problem solving__ 3. Decision making__ 4. Judgment Formation
Background image of page 2
The Basic Components of Thought Mental Images The ability to form visual, auditory, etc. images allows humans to create experiences without sensory input. Many artistic and scientific pursuits could not occur without this ability.
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Thinking Without Awareness Subconscious Processes Can be brought into awareness easily but can occur without conscious awareness or effort (e.g., well-practiced skills like driving, typing, walking, etc.) Nonconscious Processes Mental processes that cannot be accessed by consciousness (e.g., insight problem-solving, personal preferences, identifying familiar objects)
Background image of page 4
Thinking Without Thinking Mindless Thinking Sometimes decisions are made with very little conscious effort. (allowing for the possibility of making errors in judgment) People want to hear an excuse, but not necessarily a good one. “Excuse me, may I use the Xerox machine?” Common Response : Yeah. When I’m finished. “Excuse me, may I use the Xerox machine, because I’m in a rush?” Common Response : Oh, in that case, go ahead of me. “Excuse me, may I use the Xerox machine, because I have to make copies?” Common Response : Well, in that case, go ahead of me.
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Methods of Formal Reasoning 1. Algorithm A series of steps that lead to an accurate solution. Area of a Circle = π r 2 1. Logical Rules Deductive Reasoning Drawing conclusions from a series of statements (or premises). If logical rules are followed, a conclusion drawn from premises must be true if the premises are true.
Background image of page 6
An Example of Deductive Reasoning Premise 1 : All parrots talk. Premise 2 : Harriet is a parrot. Conclusion : Harriet talks.
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Logical Rules Inductive Reasoning Drawing tentative conclusions from a series of statements (or premises). If logical rules are followed, a conclusion drawn
Background image of page 8
Image of page 9
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 41

9e_CH_09_Thinking_ANGEL - ThinkingandLanguage...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 9. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online