Chapter2 - Developmental Psychopathology(Chapter 2...

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Developmental Psychopathology (Chapter 2) Perspectives, theories, models - Important to have a framework for understanding psychology Paradigm : a view or approach used to understand certain phenomena Theories: a coherent group of assumptions used to explain that phenomena that can be tested Micro and macro theories Models : a representation of that phenomena Interactional and transactional models Vulnerability (Diathesis) Stress Model —Model to understand psychopathology Medical Model – —Disorders are discrete —Result from specific and limited biological causes Biopsychosocial model —Abnormality is caused by complex interactions of biological, psychological, & sociocultural factors —Nature vs. Nurture dichotomy debatable! Developmental Psychopathology —Emerged in the 1970s —Combination of developmental psychology and clinical child/adolescent psychology and psychiatry —So what is the major focus in Developmental Psychopathology? —A systems framework for understanding disordered behavior in relation to normal development —Pulls from “microparadigms” (e.g., behavioral, psychoanalytic, cognitive) Understanding the concept of development —There is a course of development common to all humans —Biological, motor, physical, neurological, emotional development etc. —Issues underlying the DP approach 1) Search for etiological factors —Attempts at understanding the “cause” of a disorder —Usually results from a complex interaction of a number of factors, not simply one cause Direct effects : variable X leads directly to the outcome Indirect effects : Variable X influences other variables that in turn lead to the outcome
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—Mediators and moderators (have indirect effects) —Mediator: Accounts for the relationship between 2 variables —Moderator: strengthens or changes the direction of the relationship between two variables. 2) Pathways of development —Describe and understand the pathways of development that lead to adaptation (healthy adjustment) or maladaptation (poor adjustment) —Understanding the developmental trajectories that lead to specific outcomes —Progress is being made in understanding the developmental pathways that lead to certain
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Chapter2 - Developmental Psychopathology(Chapter 2...

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