Chapter7_žMood Disorders

Chapter7_žMood Disorders - Mood...

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Mood Disorders (Chapter 7) o Introduction to Depressive Disorders o Continuum of mood o Differential diagnosis o How does the DSM classify depression? o How has it been viewed historically? o Historical Theories of Depressive Disorders o Cognitive theories -Cognitive Triad: self, world, future o Psychoanalytic theories o Social/Interpersonal/Behavioral theories o Neurobiological theories Inherited Chemical Imbalance (seratonin, epinephrine, and norepinephrine) o Socio-environmental theories Associated with life events (Resilience and daily hassles) o Prevalence of depression in youth ›5% of children ›10-20% in adolescents o Masked Depression ›Depression in childhood? Controversial ›Childhood depression may be masked by other symptoms because children don’t talk about low mood ›Somatic complaints, etc. o DSM classification of mood disorders o 2 broad categories of mood disorders o Bipolar Disorder o Key features: elevated or irritable mood, grandiose self-image, lack of need for sleep, overly talkative, flight of ideas, risky behavior Building Blocks MANIC Episode ›At least one week
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HYPOMANIC Episode ›Four days ›Less severe symptoms – less functional impairment o MIXED Episode ›Criteria for both manic and depressive episodes every day for 1 week Diagnoses: o Bipolar I ›Manic or Mixed Episode o Bipolar II ›Hypomanic ›NEVER had a manic episode o Cyclothymia: more chronic, less severe ›One year period o Bipolar Disorder
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Chapter7_žMood Disorders - Mood...

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