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asian assign.nov23 - Graham Meighan Asian Civilizations...

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Graham Meighan Asian Civilizations Yosano Akiko in Manchuria-Mongolia November 19, 2009 1. Yosano’s route consisted of: a. Dalian b. Jinzhou c. Dashiqiao d. Liaoyang e. Andong f. Fengtian g. Sipingjie h. Ang'angxi i. Qiqihar j. Harbin k. Changchun l. Jilin m. Changchun n. Gongzhuling o. Fushun p. Fengtian q. Dajian 2. Yosano encountered many “Chinese” people during her trip. List at least 10 different encounters she had, noting for each entry whom she met, how she described them, and how she characterized or judged them. Pg. 11 - Yosano meets a “young Chinese railway porter.” Although she isn't described in extreme detail, Yosano points out that she could speak Japanese and was well educated. The Chinese porter translates the names of flowers that Yosano hadn’t heard before, and she is pleased by its elegance. Pg. 61 - As Yosano rides a train to Inner Mongolia, she notices that, as opposed to the mainly Japanese passengers before, the passengers now are mainly Chinese. Yosano feels a “certain unease and marvel” because she is now in a world of people she does not know. Yosano and her company ride the train under the guard Chinese officers and soldiers. She describes the soldiers as chatting “rudely.” This disrupts the “peace of mind [they] had enjoyed on board [the other] trains.” Pg. 26 - Yosano is tended to by Chinese “coolies.” This is an offensive term for an unskilled physical laborer. She does not describe their appearance, but she describes the coolies’ food as something that looks like steamed bread with a type of broth. After being encouraged to try a bite, Yosano asserts, “one bite was enough to convince me that for me it was inedible,” while the “coolies were happily satiated.” She also notes how inexpensive the food is, further demoting these Chinese workers’ status. Pg. 30 - As Yosano investigates the methods in which Buddhism is practiced in this region, she notices that there is a focus on traditional practice. “Compared to the formulaic manner in which young priests in Japan utter Buddhist scriptures, on felt that
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the older style of devotion remained alive here.” This is a positive depiction of the more traditional religious practices of the Chinese. Pg. 73 - Yosano describes the harvesting of licorice, and mentions that Japanese hire Chinese and corner the licorice market. Because she assumes that only the Japanese are hiring only the Chinese, she implies Chinese inferiority. Then, she continues to describe the mercantilist system where the Chinese merchants travel in groups and are less prone to bandit attacks by the Mongolians. Also, she attests to the Japanese lacking the frugal mindset that the Chinese possess, depicting the Chinese as a working/trading class. Pg. 80 - The Chinese government is implied to be ineffective. Yosano discusses the presence of bandits, and notes that the Chinese government does not provide them with a trial, they simply execute the bandits. This causes the bandits to carry out “acts of great brutality so as not to leave any criminal evidence behind.” Yosano indirectly calls for an
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