-_Historical_Review

-_Historical_Review - Historical review 1 Running Head:...

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Historical review Running Head: Historical Review Name: University: Course: Tutor: Date: 1
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Historical review A historical Review of Organizational Theories Introduction An organization is viewed as a structured social system that comprises of groups of individuals working together to achieve some set targets. Organizational theory (OT) is therefore the study of organizations aimed at identifying common themes in order to solve problems, maximize efficiency and productivity and consequently meet the needs of stakeholders. This implies that organizational theory deals with the study of individual processes, group processes and organizational processes. This also means that organizational theories are mainly concerned with the internal structure and how it works to motivate participants and in order to produce the required products that would be in line with aims and objectives of the organization. Organizational theory also stresses the effect of the external environment on what goes on inside the organization. It is important to note that the internal organization and external worlds determine the organizational survival and therefore organizational theory is concerned with this relationship. This paper primarily presents a historical review of organizational theories. In this case, a historical review of individual organizational theories will be discussed. These theories include: 1. Classical organization theory 2. Neoclassical theory 3. Modern theories. Classical organization theory This theory deals with the structure of an organization. The classical organization theories comprises of: 1. Taylor’s scientific management approach 2. Weber’s bureaucratic approach 2
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Historical review 3. Administrative theory by Fayol. When considering classical organization theories, the formal organization is studies in order to identify concepts that may increase the efficiency in management. As stated earlier, Taylor gave the scientific management concepts; Weber presented the bureaucratic approach in organization while Fayol modeled the administrative theory of organization. These ideas from the three pioneers (Weber, Taylor and Fayol) constitute the classical organization theory. However, it is necessary to put in context that one understands the classical theory of organization. Taylor’s Scientific Management Approach This approach was developed by Taylor in 1947 and it was deeply rooted in the ideas of planning of work for efficiency. Taylor noted that productivity could be increased if and only there is total trust between the management and the workers. He therefore worked towards increasing the level of trust and suggested several strategies that included: 1. Motivation of workers by ensuring that the advantages of productivity improvement go to them. 2.
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This note was uploaded on 03/02/2011 for the course MGMT 505 taught by Professor Spitz during the Spring '11 term at Deep Springs.

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-_Historical_Review - Historical review 1 Running Head:...

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