AP world history

AP world history - China The emperor was head of both state...

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1. As in western Europe, Byzantine culture spread northward from the Mediterranean into the plains of Europe stimulating the development of derivative political units. Eastern Europe retained its distinctive commercial, religious, and political patterns into the modern world. The eastern half of the Roman Empire survived the invasions that ruined the West and flourished after the fourth century. From the capital of Constantinople, emperors ruled the eastern Mediterranean and northern Africa. Increasingly the eastern empire became culturally Greek rather than Roman. The eastern empire developed a highly centralized bureaucracy that shifted administrative control from the military. 3. The centralization of Byzantium resembled the political structure of early
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Unformatted text preview: China. The emperor was head of both state and church. The power of the emperor was sustained through an elaborate bureaucracy. As in China, aristocrats dominated the bureaucracy, but there was some openness to all ranks of society. Provincial governors were appointed from the center, and a system of spies sought to preserve loyalty to the central government 4. Particularly in the monasteries, a tradition of icon painting became prominent. In the eighth century, some emperors attacked the use of religious symbols, such as icons, in worship. Iconoclasm the attack on icons in religious worship created a popular reaction. The use of icons was eventually restored....
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This note was uploaded on 03/02/2011 for the course ENG 101 taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '11 term at Lake Erie.

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