'10 FALL 194C READING GUIDE _2- 'CIVILIZATION AND ENLIGHTENMENT'

'10 FALL 194C READING GUIDE _2- 'CIVILIZATION AND ENLIGHTENMENT'

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History 194C October 4, 2010 Reading Guide for the “Civilization and Enlightenment” week List of Important Items to Remember: Fukuzawa Yukichi   An Outline of the Theory of Civilization Encouragement of Learning   Meiji Emperor Imperial Rescript on Education    Itō Hirobumi (Freedom and) Popular Rights Movement  The Sale of the Hokkaido Colonial Office Liberal Party   Ōkuma Shigenobu Yamagata Aritomo  Imperial Constitution National Diet   House of Peers Privy Council  Seikyōsha Rokumeikan (Deer Cry Pavilion)  Inoue Kowashi Taiwan Expedition  Kanghwado Treaty    “Departure from Asia”  Treaty of Tianjin  Uchimura Kanzō   Inoue Tetsujirō                “Good Wife and Wise Mother”   Nakae Chōmin Civil Codes   Ueki Emori   In this week we will continue on with the developments in early Meiji period (1868- 1890). Fukuzawa Yukichi is certainly one of the most important intellectual figures in this  period. In the lecture, we have covered how Fukuzawa, despite his fame as a premier scholar of  Western studies he also was highly critical of the superficial “Westernizers” and had strongly  defended certain features of the Japanese tradition and culture. Fukuzawa is also generally  known as a liberal   thinker: he famously defended the equal rights of men and women,  vociferously criticized the practices of exploiting women such as concubinage, for example.  However, we must exercise some caution so as not to rely on our contemporary (American)  assumptions about liberalism, democracy and human rights in understanding Fukuzawa, who 
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'10 FALL 194C READING GUIDE _2- 'CIVILIZATION AND ENLIGHTENMENT'

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