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Carrothers Reading

Carrothers Reading - The End of The Transition Paradigm(p...

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The End of The Transition Paradigm (p. 185) Thomas Carothers - Changes in seven different regions of the world have changed political landscape o Fall of right-wing authoritarianism in south Europe in mid 1970’s o Replacement of dictators in Latin America in the 70’s and 80’s o Decline of authoritarian rule in East and South Asia in the 1980’s o Collapse of communism in the late 1980’s o Breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 o Decline of one-party regimes in sub-Saharan Africa in the early 1990’s o A weak but significant liberalizing trend in the Middle East in the 1990’s Shared characteristic of moving towards more liberal and democratic governance. “worldwide democratic revolution” - Democratic transition paradigm- 5 core assumptions o Any country moving away from dictatorship can be considered a country moving toward democracy. o Democratization tends to unfold in a set sequence of stages. First the opening , a period of democratic ferment, then the breakthrough , the collapse of the old regime and rapid emergence of a democratic one, and then consolidation where democratic institutions are put in place. Countries don’t necessarily go through the transition in a linear fashion but can stall and stagnate as well.
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