soc psych notes jan 26

soc psych notes jan 26 - Social psych chapter 3 social...

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Social psych chapter 3 social cognition: the process of thinking about making sense of oneself and others 4 core forces of social cognition: attention- the process of consciously focusing on features of the environment or oneself interpretation- the process through which we give meaning to the events we experience judgement- the process of using info to form impressions and make decisions memory- storing and retrieving info for future use Goals of social cognition: conserving mental effort, managing self-image, and seeking accuracy goal #1 : conserving mental effort- complex, culturally rich social world + limited human attention capacity. SimpliFcation strategies - expectations, dispositional inferences, other cognitive shortcuts conFrmation bias - we pay attention to behaviors relevant to our expectations we interpret ambiguous events/behaviors in ways that support our expectations we remember people and events consistent with our expectations self-fulFlling prophecy- when an initially inaccurate expectation leads to actions that cause the expectation to come true. ex: depression, bad self-esteem, telling yourself you ʼ ll fail a test -> so you do ʼ t study as much. dispositional inference - judgements that a person ʼ s behavior was caused by his or her personality fundamental attribution bias- tendency for observers to overestimate the causal in±uence of personality factors on behavior and to underestimate the causal role of situational in±uences actor- observer difference- tendency for individuals to judge their own behaviors as caused by situational forces but the behavior of another as caused by his or her personality cognitive heuristics- mental shortcuts used to make judgements representative heuristics-
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soc psych notes jan 26 - Social psych chapter 3 social...

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