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Unformatted text preview: social psych notes march 1 - AfFliation and ¡riendship What is a friend?- AfFliation motive- the desire to be near others and to have pleasant and affectionate interactions with them- friend- someone with whom we have an affectionate relationship- people ʼ s personal deFnitions of friendship include such features as the following:- participate as equals- enjoy each other ʼ s company- friends help each other in times of need Studying Real-Life Relationships- people tend to be inaccurate in their recall of social interactions- naturalistic observations of friendships poses problems, because people might adjust their behavior if they know they are being observed Studying Intimate Relationships without really being there- experience sampling skips the observer so they can ʼ t impact the behavior- the experience sampling method involves participants recording their own interactions- when a portable beeper sounds, you Fll out a short description detailing who you are with, and what is going on- with the Rochester interaction record participants use a questionnaire to record every signiFcant social interaction that occurred that day Liking those who make us feel good- reinforcement-affect model- the theory that we like people we associate with positive feelings and dislike those we associate with negative feelings Liking those who offer us a good deal- Social exchange theory- the theory that we evaluate relationships based on the trading of beneFts within the relationship- reciprocation- i can do something for you, you can do something for me. we give and take - so the relationship is mutually beneFcial- the reinforcement-affect and social exchange models posit a domain-general goal of feeling good- Domain-General models- assume different relationships have different goals at different times Similarity attraction rule - Being around people who share our attitudes make us feel good When is similarity to ingroup members less rewarding than similarity to outgroup members- ASU students reported attitudes on controversial topics- also asked opinions about another student knowing only political party- later learned attitudes- similarity increasd liking for outgroup more than in group- dissimilarity reduced liking fro ingroup more Goals of AfFliative behavior 1. Getting social support- Social Support- emotional, informational, or material assistance provided by other people in one ʼ s social network- We often turn to others for support when we are under stress- Health Psychology- the study of behavioral and psychological factors that affect illness- there are a number of positive health beneFts that come with having social support from either a human or a canine- in a stress task experiment, having a pet at home reduced stress while having a friend there increased it- men often respond to stress with “¡ight or ¡ight”- women, however, may be more likely to “tend” (get their offspring out of harms way) or “befriend” (pull closer to other females)...
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This note was uploaded on 03/03/2011 for the course PSYC 012 taught by Professor Greenwood during the Spring '11 term at GWU.
- Spring '11
- Social Psychology