soc psych notes march1

soc psych notes march1 - social psych notes march 1...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: social psych notes march 1 - AfFliation and ¡riendship What is a friend?- AfFliation motive- the desire to be near others and to have pleasant and affectionate interactions with them- friend- someone with whom we have an affectionate relationship- people ʼ s personal deFnitions of friendship include such features as the following:- participate as equals- enjoy each other ʼ s company- friends help each other in times of need Studying Real-Life Relationships- people tend to be inaccurate in their recall of social interactions- naturalistic observations of friendships poses problems, because people might adjust their behavior if they know they are being observed Studying Intimate Relationships without really being there- experience sampling skips the observer so they can ʼ t impact the behavior- the experience sampling method involves participants recording their own interactions- when a portable beeper sounds, you Fll out a short description detailing who you are with, and what is going on- with the Rochester interaction record participants use a questionnaire to record every signiFcant social interaction that occurred that day Liking those who make us feel good- reinforcement-affect model- the theory that we like people we associate with positive feelings and dislike those we associate with negative feelings Liking those who offer us a good deal- Social exchange theory- the theory that we evaluate relationships based on the trading of beneFts within the relationship- reciprocation- i can do something for you, you can do something for me. we give and take - so the relationship is mutually beneFcial- the reinforcement-affect and social exchange models posit a domain-general goal of feeling good- Domain-General models- assume different relationships have different goals at different times Similarity attraction rule - Being around people who share our attitudes make us feel good When is similarity to ingroup members less rewarding than similarity to outgroup members- ASU students reported attitudes on controversial topics- also asked opinions about another student knowing only political party- later learned attitudes- similarity increasd liking for outgroup more than in group- dissimilarity reduced liking fro ingroup more Goals of AfFliative behavior 1. Getting social support- Social Support- emotional, informational, or material assistance provided by other people in one ʼ s social network- We often turn to others for support when we are under stress- Health Psychology- the study of behavioral and psychological factors that affect illness- there are a number of positive health beneFts that come with having social support from either a human or a canine- in a stress task experiment, having a pet at home reduced stress while having a friend there increased it- men often respond to stress with “¡ight or ¡ight”- women, however, may be more likely to “tend” (get their offspring out of harms way) or “befriend” (pull closer to other females)...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 03/03/2011 for the course PSYC 012 taught by Professor Greenwood during the Spring '11 term at GWU.

Page1 / 6

soc psych notes march1 - social psych notes march 1...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online