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Unformatted text preview: Chapter Six: Chapter Types of Modern Terrorism Cyberterrorism Cyberterrorism Cyberterrorism Cyberterrorism Definition Use of information technology by terrorists for the purpose of promoting a political agenda Barry Collin coined the term in the early 1990s Cyberterrorism Targets for cyberterrorism Computers Computer networks Information storage and retrieval systems Attractiveness of computer technology Allows terrorist groups to remain connected, providing covert discussions and anonymity Much less expensive and work intensive Allows terrorists to reach their audience with little effort Cyberterrorism Barry Collin All forms of cyberterrorism are designed to strike at one or more of three areas: The place where information is accessed The place where data is controlled The points where information is mined Cyberterrorism Joshua Green The actual dangers of cyber attacks are merely economic National Cyber Alert System Unveiled by the Department of Homeland Security in 2004, the system is designed to detect and destroy cyber attacks and cyberterrorism Suicide Terrorism Suicide Suicide Terrorism Suicide Definition Involves the intentional sacrifice of an attacker’s life for the purpose of inflicting damage on an enemy Suicide operations are part of military history Homicide bomber Some people use the phrase “homicide bomber” to describe suicide terrorism, arguing that it places the emphasis on the victims and blames the attacker for political murder Suicide Terrorism Suicide Reasons suicide attacks are popular The virtually guarantee some type of delivery and they serve as cheap guided missiles They are intimidating They are difficult to stop They generate high casualties as well as publicity for the attacking group The nature of the attack strikes fear into an enemy The attacks are effective against superior forces and weapons They give terrorist groups maximum control over the attack Suicide Terrorism Suicide Three things all suicide attacks have in common Secrecy Reconnaissance Rehearsal Suicide Terrorism Suicide Suicide bomber profile At one time, suicide bombers could be profiled The previous profile no longer applies More than 40% of suicide bombers are over 40 Women and the wealthy have joined the ranks of suicide bombers Suicide Terrorism Suicide Groups throughout the world that use suicide bombing Hezbollah Hamas Egyptian Islamic Jihad The Egyptian Islamic Group The Armed Islamic Group of Algeria Barbar Khalsa in India The Kurdish Workers’ Party The LTTE Al Qaeda Suicide Terrorism Suicide Trend in suicide bombing Popularity in suicide bombing is rising They are cheap and effective Regardless of counter tactics, most analysts believe that suicide terrorism will continue Weapons of Mass Destruction: Biological Agents Agents Weapons of Mass Destruction: Biological Agents Biological Four types of biological agents Natural poisons, or toxins that occur without human modification Viruses Bacteria Plagues Weapons of Mass Destruction: Biological Agents Biological The most threatening agents Smallpox Anthrax Plague Botulism Tularemia Hemorrhagic fever Weapons of Mass Destruction: Biological Agents Biological Biological terrorism in the United States September 1984: Engineered by followers of the Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh in Oregon, the attack occurred when Rajneeshees, as they were called, contaminated salad bars in the Dalles, Oregon, with the bacterium Salmonella In the wake of the September 11, 2001 attacks: Two tabloid writers were infected by anthrax through the mail, followed by numerous anthrax attacks throughout the United States Weapons of Mass Destruction: Biological Agents Biological Practical problems for terrorists When an agent is released, it is very difficult to control the spread of the disease Weapons of Mass Destruction: Chemical and Radiological Agents Radiological Weapons of Mass Destruction: Chemical and Radiological Agents Chemical Four types of chemical agents Nerve agents Blood agents Choking agents Blistering agents Weapons of Mass Destruction: Chemical and Radiological Agents Chemical Attractiveness of chemical weapons Easy to control Users can avoid the area they attack Problems of chemical weapons Terrorists must have a delivery mechanism It takes a lot of chemicals to present a threat Weather patterns, air, and water can neutralize a chemical threat Weapons of Mass Destruction: Chemical and Radiological Agents Chemical Dirty bomb A conventional explosive used to spread a chemical or radioactive agent around a large area Drawback of the dirty bomb The hear produced by the explosion may destroy the chemicals attached to the bomb Weapons of Mass Destruction: Chemical and Radiological Agents Chemical Nuclear weapons Nuclear weapons are available on the black market from sources in the former Soviet Union Terrorists have placed instructions online for building a nuclear device It is difficult to obtain and detonate nuclear weapons Nuclear waste is a readymade dirty bomb Weapons of Mass Destruction: Chemical and Radiological Agents Chemical The threat of weapons of mass destruction Terrorists may say they have a dirty bomb or they have released smallpox or they have poisoned the food supply with radiation, and the public may well panic Fear of fear is one of the greatest problems associated with terrorism ...
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This note was uploaded on 03/05/2011 for the course CCJ 4661 taught by Professor Staff during the Summer '08 term at FIU.
- Summer '08