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Unformatted text preview: n Laden declared war on the United States in 1996 Declaring War on the United States Declaring The nature of al Qaeda and bin Laden Bin Laden represents a new phase in Middle Eastern terrorism. He is intent on spreading the realm of Islam with a transnational group Bin Laden uses Islam to call for religious violence Bin Laden wants to cause death Declaring War on the United States Declaring Further terrorist actions In August 1998, bin Laden’s terrorists bombed the U.S. embassies in Nairobi, Kenya, and Dar es Salaam, Tanzania For the first time, al Qaeda could operate a cell planted in a country hundreds of miles away from training camps Then came the attack on the USS Cole in 2000, a failed millennium plot, and the attacks of September 11, 2001 Declaring War on the United States Declaring Al Qaeda affiliates and other attacks Affiliates attacked other areas including: Bali (2000) The U.S. Compounds in Riyadh (May 2003) Morocco (August 2003) Madrid (March 2004) Declaring War on the United States Declaring Michael Doran Jihadists were fueled by local issues and diverse goals The different Jihadist organizations say they all believe in the same thing, but when local situations are examines, Jihadist causes are varied Declaring War on the United States Declaring The results of counterterrorist efforts Irm Haleem U.S. operations in Afghanistan caused al Qaeda to completely decentralize Al Qaeda reformed from an umbrella or hub into a series of autonomous organizations driven by local concerns John Arquilla Chain organization: al Qaeda serves as more of an inspiration than a hub Jessica Stern By decentralizing to a chain organization, supporting terrorist allies, and maintaining the ability to threaten the world, al Qaeda was more d...
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- Summer '08