Exam 1 - Stories and Symbols in Western Art The themes in...

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Unformatted text preview: Stories and Symbols in Western Art The themes in art over time o Stories: Exist in every culture, interesting etc. o Central themes of living God, gods, cosmic architecture Power, leaders, politics (polis life of the people) Heroes Body sex, love, passion Death, immortality Archetypes o 1 st to use them was Carl Jung (1875-1961) o Formal images that symbolically express quintessential meanings o Used throughout all time by all people o Circle no beginning, no end, whole, empty Whirling Dervishes dancing Stonehenge Ouroboros snake biting its tail, life eats life o Circumpoint target (store) o Vesica Piscis middle of two joining circles Bladder of a fish MasterCard logo o Mandora middle shape of two circles Contained in Sheila-na-gig Cross fits inside it eternal life. Horizontal line represents woman and earth Vertical line represents man and power Ichtus - Christ Fish shaped o Red Cross flag In 1863, it was the inverted swiss flag (neutrality) Overtimes it was associated with Christianity and the cross Then it wasnt neutral to all religions Recently changed it to a red crystal, Red Crystal Society And any specific shape, cross star etc. can be placed inside the red crystal Myths Myths have o 1. Plots (Beginning, middle, end) o 2. Characters (often with conflict, misfortune or themselves, tension heightens, and then is resolved) o 3. Settings Features : o Theatrical o Relationships with the natural world o Define humanity o Evoke archetypes Archetypes universal ideas that exist among all cultures throughout time Ex hero, poet, prophet Often used to talk about politics and cultures Types: o Divine Myths: generally explain the world (science) Dont exist in our world o Legends: attempt to explain the past (history) Take place in our world, even if extremely distant Can say I didnt see it, but someone told me and it happened here o Folktales: ordinary people whose stories teach or justify patterns of behavior (novel/film) Doesnt pretend to explain what happened in the past, explain motifs General motif = quest or could even be an archetypal form o On the quest one needs help and receives it. He completes his challenge and travels home and receives a reward. Cinderella Truth of myths o A myth can never be false it embodies the truths a society believes about itself Ex We dont believe that a specific character is true. But we believe that the story is a powerful message that explains ones own world, therefore it is true. Myths are traditional from the Latin trado, hand over We dont know if it is true, and the person telling the story doesnt claim responsibility, only passing it on Greek Myths versus New Testament Greek Myths New Testament Mythos story Logos account Oral Written Anonymous Authored Teller does not claim...
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This note was uploaded on 03/05/2011 for the course ARTH 102 taught by Professor Gregg,c during the Fall '07 term at George Mason.

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Exam 1 - Stories and Symbols in Western Art The themes in...

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