Exam 3 - Study Guide

Exam 3 - Study Guide - ARTH 102 Exam 3 Study Guide The Hero...

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ARTH 102 Exam 3 Study Guide The Hero o Elements of the Hero Story: o Birth/Childhood - divine parentage, miraculous or unusual childhood, something sets him apart from everyone else o Antagonist - Person who sets the tasks for the hero, bad guy o The Tasks - things that will try the hero and make his worthiness, often a journey or a quest o Divine Assistance - God or Goddess who helps the hero o Rewards - Returns home and receives something of great value o Death - May transcend death or die in disgrace Be able to relate these elements to a story of your choosing
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o Perseus o Attributes - Danae locked away with Zeus entering, Danae and baby Perseus in a boat, Perseus cutting of the head of Medusa while looking away, Perseus running away from three gorgon sisters (one who’s headless). o How is the Perseus tale more folktale than a hero story? - Beginning of the story follows the pattern of the “Girls Tragedy.” Prohibition - she is forbidden to marry. Seculsion - she is locked up to keep her from men. Violation of the prohibition - she gets pregnant anyways. Threat of punishment or death - a wicked relative places her in a box. Liberation - She is saved by Dictys. o What essential element is it missing, especially when compared to the Hercules story? o It is not a great Hero story because Perseus never suffers and there is no tragedy or even a theme. o How is Medusa’s head apotropaic? o Apotropaic - intended to ward off. If you look at Medusa you will turn to stone. Medusa’s head is placed on Athena’s armor plate on her chest to ward of enemies. It is also put on the top of temples to ward of evil and protect the inside of the temple. Concept of having something ugly and turning away ugly, the evil eye.
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o Hercules o Attributes - Lion Nemean Lion Story - First of his 12 battles. Kiing asks Hercules to kill the lion who is destroying herds in the town of Nemea. The lions skin was impenetrable and Hercules wrestles the lion to snap his neck. He then uses the lion’s own claw to rip apart his skin. Hercules wears the impenetrable skin and is associated with it. Taught the lesson of the need to be close to your enemies. Hercules had 6 labors in Greece, 3 labors right outside Greece, and 3 labors way far away o Popular with Greeks living overseas in Magna Graecia. Why? o Magna Graecia is the name for Italy at the time. Everywhere Hercules traveled on his quests he brought Greek Culture with him. He battled the unknown evils of the far off lands and made the lands safe for Greece to begin to concur. o Explain Hercules as Every man - Opposition of two forces, Nature and Culture - Admirable (completes tasks) and Horrifying (kills wife) Powerful and Powerless Ill fated (persecuted from birth) and fortunate (obtains immortaility) Tragic figure and figure of excess Every man embodying nature and culture. How is opposition the subject of the following
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This note was uploaded on 03/05/2011 for the course ARTH 102 taught by Professor Gregg,c during the Fall '07 term at George Mason.

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Exam 3 - Study Guide - ARTH 102 Exam 3 Study Guide The Hero...

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