Bioterrorism00

Bioterrorism00 - BIOTERRORISM AND BIOTHREAT AGENTS WHAT IS...

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Unformatted text preview: BIOTERRORISM AND BIOTHREAT AGENTS WHAT IS BIOTERRORISM? “The threat or use of biological agents by individuals or groups motivated by political, religious, ecological or other ideological objectives” Center for Counter-proliferation Research, National Defense University, Washington, DC 1998 Biological Agents of Terror Adapted from the Centers for Disease Control "Biological and Chemical Terrorism: Strategic Plan for Preparedness and Response" Centers for Disease Control Bio-agents are those that seem most likely to pose a risk to national security because they: can be easily disseminated or transmitted person-to-person cause high mortality, with potential for major health impact might cause public panic and social disruption require special action for public health preparedness The agents that are considered most likely biological agents of terror include: smallpox (variola major) anthrax ( Bacillus anthracis ) plague ( Yersinia pestis ) botulism ( Clostridium boulinum toxin filoviruses (Ebola or Marburg hemorrhagic fever) arenaviruses (Lassa fever, Argentine hemorrhagic fever) 1340 Attackers hurled dead horses and other animals by catapult at the castle of Thun L'Eveque in Hainault, in what is now northern France. The defenders reported that "the stink and the air were so abominable...they could not long endure" and negotiated a truce. 1346 As Tartars launched a siege of Caffa, a port on the Crimean peninsula in the Black Sea, they suffered an outbreak of plague. Before abandoning their attack, they sent the infected bodies of their comrades over the walls of the city. Fleeing residents carried the disease to Italy, furthering the second major epidemic of "Black Death" in Europe. 1422 At Karlstein in Bohemia, attacking forces launched the decaying cadavers of men killed in battle over the castle walls in the hope of spreading illness. Yet the defense held fast, and the siege was abandoned after five months http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/bioterror/hist_nf.html Has existed since the medieval era: 14th and 15th centuries BIOTERRORISM Biological Terrorism & American Revolution: British Military attempted to spread small pox to the Continental Army by infecting civilians § mission failed: infected civilians were quarantined & Civil War: Poisoning of wells with animal carcasses by Confederate Army; selling of smallpox and yellow-fever contaminated clothing and blankets to Union troops & World War I: German scientists & military infected livestock with anthrax or Burkholderia mallei (glanders) to cause epidemics § produced negligible results & 1940: Japan dropped plague-infested rat fleas on China: 10,000 deaths & 1978: Exiled Bulgarian novelist assassinated with an umbrella holding a pin-sized pellet of ricin in the tip. International control of WMDs & 1925:Biological and chemical weapons were prohibited by the 1925 Geneva Protocol & did not prohibit the R&D of biological and chemical weapons & 1969: President Nixon ordered an end to biological warfare unit and ordered for all the materials to be...
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This note was uploaded on 03/06/2011 for the course CHS 3501 taught by Professor Perr during the Spring '09 term at FIU.

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Bioterrorism00 - BIOTERRORISM AND BIOTHREAT AGENTS WHAT IS...

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