Introduction - Introduction Define the following terms...

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CHS 3501 Survey of Forensic Science Jeannette Perr Page 1 of 5 1/19/2008 Introduction Define the following terms… Algor mortis: Autopsy: Expert witness: (know role ad responsibility) Livor mortis: Locard’s Exchange principle: Rigor mortis: Forensic science: Criminalistics: There are many forensic sciences…these are just a few but know them! Criminalistics: DNA typing, trace analysis, explosives, drugs Engineering: accident reconstruction, product safety, biometrics Jurisprudence: admission of scientific evidence, legal issues Odontology: identification based on dental records, bite marks Pathology/Biology: cause of death, injuries, autopsy Physical Anthropology: age, cause of death from skeletal remains Questioned Documents: ink, paper, and handwriting analysis Psychiatry: intent of perpetrator, state of mind, criminal profiling Toxicology: effects of drugs and poisons on the cause of death, DUI cases
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CHS 3501 Survey of Forensic Science Jeannette Perr Page 2 of 5 1/19/2008 Physical evidence is used to provide: Identification Individualization Reconstruction Corroborate testimony Prove or contradict a point at issue Assist the trier of fact (judge or jury) in determining guilt or innocence Know what the following people contributed to forensic science (note: some have made more than 1 contribution; look them up in your book!) Hippocrates Paracelsus Mathieu Orfila Alphonse Bertillon Francis Galton Leone Lattes Edmond Locard Albert Osborn Calvin Goddard Walter McCrone Paul Kirk J. Edgar Hoover Sir Alec Jeffries Kary Mullis Johnny Cockran Barry Scheck Peter Neufield Explain why forensic science and the number of laboratories in the United States has grown in the last 20 years… In the 1960’s Supreme Court decisions were made to place greater emphasis on securing scientifically evaluated evidence and almost eliminated confessions as a routine investigation tool. There was also a dramatic increase in the crime rates within the United States creating more physical evidence the needed scientific examination. DNA profiling also required a large staff increasing the size of American crime laboratories. The services offered by crime laboratory vary depending on the needs of the law enforcement in
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This note was uploaded on 03/06/2011 for the course CHS 3501 taught by Professor Perr during the Spring '09 term at FIU.

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Introduction - Introduction Define the following terms...

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