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Unformatted text preview: Mental Retardation Mental IDEA definition of MR IDEA Significantly subaverage general Significantly intellectual functioning with deficits in adaptive behavior manifesting during the developmental period that adversely affects educational performance. affects Limitations in Intellectual Functioning Functioning Affects: Memory
• Difficulty with short-term memory Generalization
• The ability to transfer knowledge to other settings The or environments or Motivation
• Tends to be externally motivated Subaverage intellectual functioning Subaverage
IQ is 70 and below (average IQ is 100) Classification (Terms generally used) Mild MR Moderate MR Severe MR Profound MR IQ Range Educational Classification Educable MR Trainable MR Severely/Multiply handicapped Severely/Multiply handicapped 50-55 to 70 35-40 to 50-55 20-25 to 35-40 Below 20 or 25 More on terms for Mental Retardation Retardation Historically, medical terms for mental retardation Historically, have developed into language as insults. have “Idiot,” and “imbecile,” used to be medical terms Idiot,” for mental retardation. They are now is used as insults. insults. How many of you use the word “retarded” to How describe something you or your friend did that was dumb? was This is the same thing. “Retarded” is now used as an This insult. This use of “retarded” is derogatory for persons who This have mental retardation. New ways to describe mental retardation retardation Describe the person’s levels of needed support Describe rather than IQ score rather Intermittent Limited • Supports as needed • Supports needed consistently over time, but are time limited Supports (e.g. time-limited employment training) (e.g. • Regular involvement of supports in some environments that Regular are not time-limited (e.g. long term support) are • High intensity, constant support, provided across High environments, and potentially life sustaining. environments, Extensive Pervasive Adaptive Behavior Adaptive The ability to meet the expectations of the The environment. environment. Conceptual
• Self-determination, reading, and writing Social
• Taking responsibility and following rules Practical
• Daily living and employment skills Developmental Period Developmental Must occur prior to age 18. Evaluation of Mental Retardation Evaluation Teachers and professionals (school Teachers psych., O.T., SLP, etc) evaluate the persons intellectual functioning and adaptive skills. adaptive
Most students with MR (52%) spend 0-39% of their time in the general education setting. In other words, most students with MR spend the majority of their time in the Special Education setting. Case Study 1: Considering CBI Case
(Turnbull, Turnbull, & Wehmeyer, 2007, p. 220) See “Your own voice” on page 220 Case Study 2: Jake Porter Story Case http://www.bridges4kids.org/articles/1-03/Hera Do you think what the coaches did was Do the right thing to do? Why or why not? Would it hurt high school competition if Would students with disabilities were encouraged to participate? to Case Study 3: Micah’s Story Case Micah is in his senior year and is on the track team. Micah Read this incredible story of a boy with cognitive disabilities who, with the support of his family, teachers, and coaches, is now preparing to go to college. Make sure to click on all links to get the full story. story. http://www.apple.com/quicktime/download/ Whole Schooling Consortium: Micah—Senior Year In Whole High School http:// http:// www.coe.wayne.edu/wholeschooling/WS/Video/Micah.htm How much support do you think Micah will need once he How gets to college? gets ...
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This note was uploaded on 03/06/2011 for the course SPE 222 taught by Professor Bal during the Spring '08 term at ASU.
- Spring '08