OHI - Understanding Students with Physical Disabilities and...

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Understanding Students with Understanding Students with Physical Disabilities and Physical Disabilities and Other Health Impairments Other Health Impairments
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Wheelchair etiquette Quiz Wheelchair etiquette Quiz 1. Touching a person’s wheelchair is almost always acceptable. 2. Make sure not to reach out to shake the person’s hand; they may have physical limitations. 3. Rarely speak to the person in the wheelchair; focus on the person assisting him or her.
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Wheelchair etiquette Quiz Wheelchair etiquette Quiz 1. Never use expressions such as “Let’s go for a walk.” 2. Pat the person on his or her head; it is a sign of affection. 3. Do not sit down when talking to a person in a wheelchair.
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IDEA and Physical Disabilities IDEA and Physical Disabilities Physical disabilities are referred to as orthopedic impairments ” by IDEA. ‘A severe orthopedic impairment that adversely affects educational performance (p. 286)’. Includes congenital impairments, diseases, and impairments from other causes.
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Physical Disabilities and Special Physical Disabilities and Special Education Education The prereferral step is rarely used because students with physical disabilities have already been identified by a doctor prior to starting school . Placements options: Homebound ( most restrictive ) Dual homebound and school-based Special Education classroom General Education classroom (least restrictive)
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Causes in General Causes in General Impairments caused by congenital anomalies Clubfoot Absence of a member (such as arms or legs) Impairments caused by Diseases Poliomyelitis Bone tuberculosis Osteogenesis Imperfecta Impairments from other causes Cerebral palsy Amputations Fractures/burns that cause contractures
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Impairments caused by congenital Impairments caused by congenital anomalies: Spina Bifida anomalies: Spina Bifida Is a malformation of the spinal cord Types: Spina bifida occulta: small portion of the vertebrae is missing, usually in the lower spine (most mild form). Meningocele: the covering of the spinal cord protrudes through a defect in the spine (more serious, but not resulting in mobility impairments) Myelomeningocele: protrusion of the spinal cord covering as well as parts of the spinal cord/nerve roots (most serious)
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This note was uploaded on 03/06/2011 for the course SPE 222 taught by Professor Bal during the Spring '08 term at ASU.

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OHI - Understanding Students with Physical Disabilities and...

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