3rd week_GettingtoKnowtheColonies-Blackboard Edition

3rd week_GettingtoKnowtheColonies-Blackboard Edition -...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style Getting to Know the (1) Global Empires,  (2) Colonial Cultures, and (3) English Liberty  HST 109 Week 3
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Click to edit Master subtitle style Global Empires: Mercantilism abroad
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Crisis in England and the Redefinition of Lords of Trade established (1675) to enforce  “--------------------------” English Proto-parties: “----” and “----” Crown tightens control, beginning in West  Indies Crown controlled governors and upper legislature  houses Precedents established there applied elsewhere
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Completion of the Empire Royal government became the norm Navigation Act, 1696 Plugged loopholes in early laws Extended to America the English system of vice  admiralty courts Board of Trade established, 1696 (weak, almost wholly  advisory) Act of Union, 1707 united England and Scotland (trade  Implications) Created system of imperial federalism that existed until  American Revolution
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Mercantilism as a Moral Revolution Navigation Act of 1660 What specific changes were made by this act?  “------------------------------” “------------------------------” Staple Act of 1663 What did it do? Plantation Duty Act of 1673 Navigation Acts were tremendously successful at  displacing the Dutch and establishing English hegemony  over the Atlantic trade
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Mercantilism as a Moral Revolution Colonies = resources/production/trade = wealth;          wealth = power First Navigation Act, 1651 Balance of trade What rules did this act create for the shipping trade? “------------------” Generated opposition in the colonies
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Contrasting Empires: Spain in North America Natives = greatest challenge to Spanish in NA Indian Raids and Mercenaries Indian laborers  Pueblo Revolt, 1680 What were the causes of the revolt? “--------------------” 400 of the 23,000 Spaniards in New Mexico killed Destroyed every Spanish building in the province What were the consequences of the revolt? Tejas expelled Spanish from Texas, 1690 Spanish Florida  (16th cent. battles with French)
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Contrasting Empires: New France in N. America The “ Middle Ground Extensive trading = alliance building Success with Indians rested on “-----------” and “---------”,  not force  Settlement blocked further colonization of England and Spain Erected a friendly Algonquian shield against the Iroquois  (offered firearms, liquor, and trade goods to Southern  Algonquians;  Iroquois negotiated a peace treaty in 1701
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Consider this… How did France, Spain, and England  differ in their application of Mercantile  theory?
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Click to edit Master subtitle style Colonial Cultures Colonial Cultures
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This note was uploaded on 03/06/2011 for the course HST 109 taught by Professor Mccomb during the Fall '07 term at ASU.

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3rd week_GettingtoKnowtheColonies-Blackboard Edition -...

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