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10_AmericanCulture

10_AmericanCulture - 17901850 Web 1 2 3 1in7Americans...

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1790-1850 Web
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Prelude to a mass culture
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1790s 1 in 20 Americans lived in urban area---1850s  1 in 7 Americans Types of cities 1. Port Cities 2. Inland Cities 3. New Industrial Cities
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1. NY, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Boston 2. NY: largest American city by 1810 center of commerce and finance Access to the Erie Canal: Western foodstuff to  Europe– finished goods to western market 
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Fastest growing cities Pittsburg, Cincinnati, St. Louis, The Great Lake Ports  (Cleveland, Detroit, Milwaukee, Chicago) Pittsburg: access to cheap fuel– most polluted  manufacturing city (iron, glass) Cincinnati: “Porkpolis”– first meat packing center in  the West Pittsburg, 1850
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Rural New England along rivers– water power Each town tied to a transportation network Textile mills: ex. Lowell, MA Lowell, MA
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1. Irish immigrants 1845-49 Potato Famine Poor peasants and workers Settled in eastern seaboard cities: NY, Boston,  Philadelphia, Baltimore, etc. 1. German immigrants Property-owning farmers, artisans Settled in farm communities in Midwest Irish Cotton Mill Workers
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1. British immigrants Relatively prosperous professionals,  skilled workers, propertied farmers 1. Chinese immigrants California Gold Rush: San  Francisco Construction of the Central Pacific  Railroad Chinese Workers of CPR
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1. Irish neighborhood  (NY, Boston, etc): Catholic Church,  parochial schools, mutual societies 2.
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