10_AmericanCulture

10_AmericanCulture - 1790-1850WebPrelude to a mass culture1790s 1 in 20 Americans lived in urban area-1850s 1 in 7 AmericansTypes of

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Unformatted text preview: 1790-1850WebPrelude to a mass culture1790s 1 in 20 Americans lived in urban area---1850s 1 in 7 AmericansTypes of cities1.Port Cities2.Inland Cities3.New Industrial Cities1.NY, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Boston2.NY: largest American city by 1810center of commerce and financeAccess to the Erie Canal: Western foodstuff to Europe– finished goods to western market Fastest growing citiesPittsburg, Cincinnati, St. Louis, The Great Lake Ports (Cleveland, Detroit, Milwaukee, Chicago)Pittsburg: access to cheap fuel– most polluted manufacturing city (iron, glass)Cincinnati: “Porkpolis”– first meat packing center in the WestPittsburg, 1850Rural New England along rivers– water powerEach town tied to a transportation networkTextile mills: ex. Lowell, MALowell, MA1.Irish immigrants1845-49 Potato FaminePoor peasants and workersSettled in eastern seaboard cities: NY, Boston, Philadelphia, Baltimore, etc.1.German immigrantsProperty-owning farmers, artisansSettled in farm communities in MidwestIrish Cotton Mill Workers1.British immigrantsRelatively prosperous professionals, skilled workers, propertied farmers1.Chinese immigrantsCalifornia Gold Rush: San FranciscoConstruction of the Central Pacific RailroadChinese Workers of CPR1.Irish neighborhood (NY, Boston, etc): Catholic Church, parochial schools, mutual societies2.German neighborhood/community: Church, German language schools– retention of German traditions 3.Free black community (Philadelphia, NY): segregation and exclusion, Baptist/African Methodist Episcopal churchBlood sports (especially among northern working class)...
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This note was uploaded on 03/06/2011 for the course HST 109 taught by Professor Mccomb during the Fall '07 term at ASU.

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10_AmericanCulture - 1790-1850WebPrelude to a mass culture1790s 1 in 20 Americans lived in urban area-1850s 1 in 7 AmericansTypes of

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