Civil War--Blackboard Edition

Civil War--Blackboard Edition - Hello Mr. Lincoln Goodbye...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style Hello Mr. Lincoln… Goodbye National Unity Southern Secession and the American Civil War
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Party Nominating Conventions, 1860 Democrats Northern Democrats The Democratic party splits when S.Dems insist on a platform that calls for federal protection of slavery in territories. They leave. The rest of the party reconvenes in Baltimore, nominate Stephen Douglas Southern Democrats Nominated John C. Breckenridge (KY) Moderate S.Dems refuse to support him b/c he’s too extreme, they break off and form new party Constitutional Union Party Moderate southerners who are pro-slavery & pro-Union Nominate John Bell (TN) Stephen A. Douglas John C. Breckenridge John Bell
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Republicans Expand platform to include free soil and (1) protective tariff (2) free homesteads (3) guarantee immigrant political rights Nominate Abraham Lincoln (IL) (•) b/c he’s a moderate, calm, & from IL (a key northern state) Party Nominating Conventions, 1860
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DEMOC RATS N. DEM S. DEMS WHIGS KNOW - NOTHI NGS REPUBLIC ANS REPUBLICAN S Abraham 1860 1856 1848 1830s CONSTITUTION AL UNION PARTY Bell WHIG S FREE SOIL PARTY Some N & S Dems The Formation of the 3rd Party System
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A Political Cartoon from 1860: Lincoln and Stephen Douglas struggle to control the northern and western states while John C. Breckinridge claims the south and John Bell attempts to glue the map back together. Dividing the National Map , 1860. Lincoln Douglas Breckenridge Bell
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Click to edit Master subtitle style The Candidates Northern Democrats: Douglas Popular Sovereignty Southern Democrat: Breckinridge Federal Protection of Slavery Constitutional Union: Bell Republican = Lincoln Election Results
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Lower South Secedes South Carolina seceded (Dec. 1860) Southern justification: voluntary compact – State sovereignty & right to withdrawal Right to Revolution Most Northerners: secession = unconstitutional Crittenden Compromise Provisions: New N/S slavery line (old Missouri comp. line) Military posts no exception Owner compensation for escaped slaves Congress stripped of right to amend this change
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Establishment of the Confederacy Organization of a new government Confederate States of America (Feb. 1861) Provisional Congress (Feb. 1861) President Jefferson Davis (Feb. 1861) Respected Senator w/25 years service Moderate secessionist Military background (Mex-Amer. War, Sec of War) Constitution (Mar. 1861)
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Establishment of the Confederacy Constitution (Mar. 1861) protected slavery in both the states and the territories Strengthened state sovereignty and limited fed. power Limited president to a single six-year term Encouraged Upper South to secede
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Civil War--Blackboard Edition - Hello Mr. Lincoln Goodbye...

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