NorthernTransformations--Blackboard Edition

NorthernTransformations--Blackboard Edition - HST 109 Week...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 3/7/11 Northern TransformationS 1790-1850 HST 109 Week 10
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3/7/11 Postcolonial Society Standards of living varied Southern moneyed families enjoyed large estates; new money mostly merchants profiting from trade; fancy items from Europe Most families local lives; no division between work/home; imagine villages (not cities) or distant rural neighbors; Animals foraged near houses; little furniture; common bowl at meal times; communal sleeping) Interdependence between farm families Barter rather than cash transactions “Changing system” adopted in South and West l Most Americans lived in a rural countryside l Changes in inheritance system Land left to all sons with cooperation among them expected—more difficult in each generation Rise of farm tenancy—rent out land to tenants
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3/7/11 Postcolonial Society, 1790-1815 Pervasive Jeffersonian nation of yeoman farmer continued through early 1800s Sustenance farming for families; variety of crops and animals “subsistence-plus” – little surplus for sale to get manufactured items Balance: “keeping up with the Jones’” – buy nice stuff protect long-term independence of their households – frugality l Large cities massing on Atlantic seaboard Rising demand for surplus farming Cities sustained by trade (farmers) l Increase in foreign demand for American food, 1789–1815 Men worked fields Women and children beside men in fields
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3/7/11 18th Century Market Revolution Keys to the Market Revolution 1. Transportation 2. Industrialization 3. Commercialization Consequences: Social changes (gender roles & changing socio-economic classes)
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3/7/11 American System Proposed by Henry Clay (1820s) l Plan to foster national economic growth and geographic interdependence l Market driven (capitalism) l protective tariff, national bank, internal improvements l Causes the 18th century Market Revolution 8 Mostly served North & Northwest (and alienated the South) = regional tensions
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3/7/11 1. Transportation Revolution What’s being moved? 1. People 2. Communication 3. Goods (new markets) Types of Transport 1. Land: horse, stagecoach lines (National Road, 1818; turnpikes/toll roads)
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3/7/11 1. Transportation Revolution Types of Transport 1. Land: horse, stagecoach lines (National Road, 1818; turnpikes/toll roads) 2.
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