Chapter 13

Chapter 13 - 02:59 Chapter 13: EARLY ADULTHOOD: Physical...

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02:59 Primary and secondary aging Primary Aging (senescence): Age-related physical changes o Gray hair, wrinkles, changes in visual acuity o Secondary Aging : Age-related physical changes o Due to environmental influences o Health habits or disease o Neither inevitable nor experienced by all adults o Social class differences in adult health Health Habits and Personal Factors Poorer health habits lead to o Higher risk of mortality o Disease o Disability o Physical exercise is linked to lower risk of death o A Sense of Control: perceived control
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Self-efficacy : belief in ones ability to perform an action or control over ones behavior to achieve a goal or make something happen o Individuals high in self-efficacy more likely than those with low to follow medical advice with regard to health problems Locus of control : a set of beliefs about the causes of events o Internal- “I have control over what happens” o External – “Other people or luck determines the future” Ex: ear infection o Tendency to make realistic attributions is what counts when it comes to health. Best outcomes for patients that can accurately determine with aspects of their
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Chapter 13 - 02:59 Chapter 13: EARLY ADULTHOOD: Physical...

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