CHAPTER 16

CHAPTER 16 - 03:01 CHAPTER 16 MIDDLE ADULTHOOD Social...

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03:01 Erikson’s generativity vs. stagnation stage Generativity involves an interest in establishing and guiding the next generation o By: rearing own children, teaching, serving as mentor, taking on leadership in various organizations o Turning outward from preoccupation with self, expansion toward caring for others May continue through old age o More common in middle than in early adulthood, but continues to be important in old age Failure to develop generativity results in Stagnation o leads to pervading sense of stagnation and personal impoverishment. Indulge themselves as if they are only child Mid-Life Crisis Each person must confront a constellation of difficult tasks at mid-life (accepting ones own mortality, recognizing new physical limitations and health risks…etc can exceed adults’ ability to cope; leading to a crisis) Research indicates: o Serious mid-life problems are experienced by a minority – maybe 25% at most o Possibly triggered by life events rather than an age Ex: the death of a parent, loss of a job Mid-life does present some physical challenges (back drop) Variations like optimism and depression can influence Not surprising that middle-aged adults often feel stressed
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Life Events Approach : theoretical perspective that focuses on normative and non-normative events and how adults in this age group respond to them Role Transitions: Each of us occupies multiple roles at the same time, which produces fictions of various kinds Role Conflict : any situation in which two or more roles are at least partially incompatible, either because they call for different behaviors or because their separate demands add up to more hours than there are in the day Ex: choosing between caring for parents or going to sons game Thus both parent and child Role Strain : stress that occurs when a person lacks the resources (skills or knowledge) needed to fulfill a role Midlife adult may need to return to college to learn new work skills, provoking anxiety about ability to succeed Influences on marital satisfaction Marital stability and satisfaction increase in mid-life as Conflicts over child-rearing decline Social networks become tighter and more supportive Increased sense of control (marital self efficacy) Identification of successful problem-solving strategies Stability maintained through use of skilled diplomacy to ease tensions o Approach to solving problems where spouse confronts other about issue then confronted spouse takes time to restore harmony Middle aged couples far less likely to divorce than younger Middle age “squeeze” and “sandwich generation” Children and Parents
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In middle adulthood, assistance is provided in both directions of the generational chain Also must maintain affectional bonds Responsibilities produce the mid-life “squeeze” o Helping grown children o Supporting aging parents
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This note was uploaded on 03/06/2011 for the course EDHD 320 taught by Professor Parkinson during the Spring '08 term at Maryland.

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CHAPTER 16 - 03:01 CHAPTER 16 MIDDLE ADULTHOOD Social...

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