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Unformatted text preview: CCJS352 Exam 1 Study Guide 06/03/2011 20:45:00 Psychoactive Drugs : those compounds that alter consciousness and affect mood 4 Principles of Psychoactive drugs: o 1) Drugs, per se, are not good or bad there are no bad drugs; its the behavior and the way the drug is being used thats referred to heroin and cocaine are used medically, but can have harmful effects if abused o 2) Every drug has multiple effects all psychoactive drugs act on more than 1 part of the brain so produce complex psychological effects every drug that affects brain most likely effects body as well (i.e. blood pressure) o 3) Both the size and the quality of a drugs effect depend on the amount the individual has taken by increasing dose, increase in same effects noticed at lower drug levels o 4) The effect of any psychoactive drug depends on the individuals history and expectations individuals attitude can have major effect on his/her perception of drug experience history attitude and setting needed in order to assess effects DRUG USE: Drug use examples: taking an aspirin to treat headache, taking dose of cough medicine, smoking marijuana The drug problem: whats meant is that some drugs being used by some people or in some situations constitute problems with which our society must deal hard to draw line between drug and food i.e. alcoholic beverages (can be both) Recall what needs to be known in order to help us analyze the problem of drug use. We can analyze problem drug use by answering: who, what, when/where why, how, and how much o Ex: young drug user vs. older, drinking alcohol in confined places versus party, snorting making stronger effect and created dependence Know the differences between misuse and abuse. Drug Misuse : the use of prescribed drugs in greater amounts than, or for purposes other than, those prescribed by a physician. o Use other than use intended by manufacturer Drug Abuse : use of a substance in a manner, amounts, or situations such that the drug use causes problems or greatly increases the chances of problems occurring. o Could assume all use of illicit drugs are abuse because of risks of legal problems, but someone who did marijuana might say they faced no problems, therefore didnt abuse it o All drugs have risk of creating problems, therefore depends on how great the risk is with the individual at hand o If frequent and serious, diagnosis of substance-use disorder applied Know what is meant by: Deviant drug use : drug use that is not common within a social group and that is disapproved of by the majority, causing members of the group to take corrective action when it occurs o Informal: making fun of/criticizing behavior o Formal: incarceration, treatment Illicit drug use : use of drugs that are unlawful to possess or use o Many of these are available by prescription, but are illicit when manufactured or sold illegally....
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