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Unformatted text preview: CCJS352 Exam 1 Study Guide 06/03/2011 20:45:00 Psychoactive Drugs : those compounds that alter consciousness and affect mood • 4 Principles of Psychoactive drugs: o 1) Drugs, per se, are not good or bad there are no “bad drugs”; it’s the behavior and the way the drug is being used that’s referred to heroin and cocaine are used medically, but can have harmful effects if abused o 2) Every drug has multiple effects all psychoactive drugs act on more than 1 part of the brain so produce complex psychological effects every drug that affects brain most likely effects body as well (i.e. blood pressure) o 3) Both the size and the quality of a drug’s effect depend on the amount the individual has taken by increasing dose, increase in same effects noticed at lower drug levels o 4) The effect of any psychoactive drug depends on the individual’s history and expectations individual’s attitude can have major effect on his/her perception of drug experience history attitude and setting needed in order to assess effects ← DRUG USE: • Drug use examples: taking an aspirin to treat headache, taking dose of cough medicine, smoking marijuana • “The drug problem”: what’s meant is that some drugs being used by some people or in some situations constitute problems with which our society must deal • hard to draw line between drug and food i.e. alcoholic beverages (can be both) ← ← Recall what needs to be known in order to help us analyze the problem of drug use. • We can analyze problem drug use by answering: who, what, when/where why, how, and how much o Ex: young drug user vs. older, drinking alcohol in confined places versus party, snorting making stronger effect and created dependence ← ← Know the differences between misuse and abuse. • Drug Misuse : the use of prescribed drugs in greater amounts than, or for purposes other than, those prescribed by a physician. o Use other than use intended by manufacturer • Drug Abuse : use of a substance in a manner, amounts, or situations such that the drug use causes problems or greatly increases the chances of problems occurring. o Could assume all use of illicit drugs are abuse because of risks of legal problems, but someone who did marijuana might say they faced no problems, therefore didn’t abuse it o All drugs have risk of creating problems, therefore depends on how great the risk is with the individual at hand o If frequent and serious, diagnosis of substance-use disorder applied ← ← Know what is meant by: • Deviant drug use : drug use that is not common within a social group and that is disapproved of by the majority, causing members of the group to take corrective action when it occurs o Informal: making fun of/criticizing behavior o Formal: incarceration, treatment • Illicit drug use : use of drugs that are unlawful to possess or use o Many of these are available by prescription, but are illicit when manufactured or sold illegally....
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This note was uploaded on 03/06/2011 for the course CCJS 352 taught by Professor Lobo-antunes during the Spring '08 term at Maryland.
- Spring '08