Chapter 4 - 03:07 C hapter 4: Piagets Theory of Cognitive...

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03:07 Chapter 4: Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development and Neo- Piagetian Theories of Cognitive Development Piaget’s Cognitive-Developmental Theory Piaget focused on children’s thinking and the way that they process information - Normative cognitive development from birth – 12 yrs. Children are little scientists who are constantly exploring to make sense of their worlds (active learners, “intrinsic activity”) o Ex: 3yr old will think the tall skinny glass has more water in it even when poured from fatter shorter glass; 7yr old will know it’s the same Major shifts in thinking occur at 2, 7, 11/12 – stage theorist (abrupt changes over relatively brief periods of time, not gradual) Mechanisms of development are domain general – all intellectual accomplishments of infancy are governed by a general developmental function Cognition develops through the refinement and transformation of mental structures (unobservable mental systems that underlie knowledge, representations of reality) o Structures are the means by which experience is interpreted and organized. CD = the development of structures. o Children enter the world with some reflexes by which they interpret their surroundings, and what underlies these reflexes are structures (or schemes ). As development progresses, structures change Piaget’s 4 Stages of Cognitive Development: 1. Sensorimotor Stage [birth-18 mths.] o 2. Preoperational Stage [18 mths.-6yrs.] o Acquire symbolic schemes (language and fantasy) o Begin to realize what’s real and make believe
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o Pretend play ex: playing doctor 3. Concrete Operational Stage [6-12yrs.] o Children begin to think logically and able to solve problems o Basic math comes into play; can solve word problems o Ex: want to make friend feel better about problem 4. Formal Operational Stage [adolescent-adult] o Adolescents think logically about abstract ideas and hypothetical situations. o
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Chapter 4 - 03:07 C hapter 4: Piagets Theory of Cognitive...

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