Chapter 4 - 03:12 Chapter 4: Infant Development How is...

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03:12 Chapter 4: Infant Development How is infants development influenced by nutrition? Malnutrition in infancy, especially if it is severe and long-lasting, can cause permanent brain damage. Depending on when it occurs, it can reduce number of neurons formed, their size and structure, the extent and speed of myelinaion or the complexity of synapse formation Fortunately, if malnourished infants receive early, prolonged nutritional supplementation, much of the damage can be reversed, resulting in cognititive development. o This is especially true if nutritional supplementation is combined with an enriched environment that provides intellectual, social stimulation. However, children may not reach the level of functioning they would have achieved with adequate nutrition How are proximodistal brain development and infants’ motor skills/reflexes related? The spinal cord and the brain stem control reflexes and basic survival functions. Cerebellum is a structure involved in motor and balance Proximodistal development means that control over motor skills tends to progress from the center of the body out to the extremities During a distressed state, how can infants calm themselves? How can caregivers calm them? Babies can calm themselves because they have a built-in capacity to soothe themselves. Sucking is often part of this process; allowing infants to suck on a pacifier is one effective
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Chapter 4 - 03:12 Chapter 4: Infant Development How is...

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