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Unformatted text preview: Psychology of Women- Exam III Study Guide Chapter 12: Female Sexuality Gender Differences in Sexuality- it is a traditional stereotype in our culture that female sexuality and male sexuality are very different o Women were reputed to be uninterested in sex and slow to arouse o Men were supposed to be constantly aroused o Found differences in: incidence of masturbation &amp; attitudes on casual sex o Women are less likely to have masturbated than men (d=.96) and women are considerably less approving of sex in a casual or uncommitted relationship than men are (d-.81) is this a real gender difference or just an inaccuracy resulting from the use of self-reports? (women may be embarrassed to report masturbating because restrictions have been placed on female sexuality by society) o Men, according to the stereotype, are more interested in physical aspects of sex and have a love em and leave em attitude o Women are thought to be most interested in love and romance and to be concerned with the interpersonal more than the physical aspects of the relationship o Gender differences exists in arousal to erotic materials, men being much more responsive to them than women are (meta analysis found that men are more aroused, but the difference is not large, d=.31) Difference was largest among college students, but was nonexistent among adults beyond college years o Heimans study- females and males are quite similar in their responses to erotic materials, but women can sometimes be unaware of their own physical arousal o Gender difference found in orgasm consistency 75% of men, but only 29% of women always have an orgasm during sex with their partner (gap is narrower during masturbation but men still seem to be more effective. 80% vs. 60%) Sexual development- sexual development in childhood and adolescence involves a complex interplay between the developing body, early experiences with masturbation, and messages from the media, parents, and peers o Earliest sexual experiences many people have are in masturbation (data indicates that many girls/women never masturbate, and many that do, do so later in life) may have important consequences in other areas of sexuality o Childhood and adolescent experiences with masturbation are important early sources of learning about sexuality Learn how our bodies respond to sexual stimulation and what the most effective techniques for stimulating our own bodies are Girls lack of experience with masturbation may be related to their problems with having orgasms during sex o Boys and girls learn about masturbation in different ways Males report having heard about it before trying it or they observe others doing it Females learn by accidental discovery of the possibility, which shows that communication about sexual behavior is not so free among girls as it is among boys, or perhaps girls are not so eager to pursue this information o Womens relative inexperience with masturbation may create a kind of...
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- Spring '11