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Sexual Violence - Sexual Violence Rape Nonconsenting oral...

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Sexual Violence Rape : Nonconsenting oral, anal, or vaginal penetration obtained by force, by threat of bodily harm, or when the victim is incapable of giving consent Stats o 28% of women college students experienced an act that met the legal definition of rape o A woman has a 15-25% chance of being raped over her lifetime o Men have 2% chance o 99% of all persons arrested for rape are men Consent o Activity is nonconsensual o One type of nonconsent - victim is incapable of consenting (drunk, unconscious, drugs) Victim Blaming: o Spend hours agonizing over what she did to bring on the rape or what she might have to done to prevent it o Self-blame has worse outcomes for women Things women and men do to reduce risk of being raped o Three Categories 1. Avoiding Situations in which there is a high risk of rape 2. If the first strategy has failed, knowing some self-defense techniques if a rape is actually attempted 3. Changing the culture that contributes to rape o Guidelines for Avoiding Rape o Set sexual limits – no one has a right to force you to do something with your body that you do not want to do o Decide early if you would like to have intercourse – the sooner you communicate your intentions firmly and clearly, the easier it will be for your partner to understand and accept your decision
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o Do not give mixed messages; be clear – say “yes” when u mean it and say “no” when u mean no o Be forceful and firm – do not worry about being polite if your wishes are being ignored o Do not do anything you do not want to do just to avoid a scene or unpleasantness- do not be raped because you were too polite to get out of a dangerous situation or because you were worried about hurting your date’s feelings. o Be aware that alcohol and other drugs are often associated with date rape – they compromise your ability and that of your date’s to make responsible decisions o Trust your guilt-level feelings - if the situation feels risky to you, or if you feel you are being pressured, trust your feelings, and Leave the situation o Be careful when you invite someone to your home or you are invited to your date’s home – these are the most likely places for date rapes to occur Do they work? o If these strategies are unsuccessful research shows that verbal and physical (loud) resistance can be effective in preventing rape in the face of an attempt o Society needs to make radical change in the way it socializes males The relationship between these “prevention strategies” and victim blaming Helpful/harmful ways to respond to a person who has been sexually assaulted o Cognitive Behavioral Therapies: change behaviors and the way they think about things o Stress inoculation therapy – teaches clients how to manage trauma- related anxiety using strategies such as relaxation training and cognitive restructuring
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