Exam 1 Study Guide-4

Exam 1 Study Guide-4 - Exam 1 Study Guide 21:17:00 ← Why...

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Unformatted text preview: Exam 1 Study Guide 06/03/2011 21:17:00 ← Why study the psychology of women: • Learn to think critically about gender and how it functions in society • To understand women’s experiences (different than men’s) o Menstruation, pregnancy, childbirth, breastfeeding…etc • To correct gender bias found in many psychological theories and research ← Sex : Sexual behavior ← Gender : state of being male or female; Females, males, transgender ← ← Sexism : Discrimination or bias against people based on their gender. Sex bias. • Old fashioned sexism – 1950s and earlier; open or overt prejudice against women. Ex: women could not be news anchors, women aren’t as smart ← Modern Sexism/Neosexism : cover or subtle prejudiced beliefs about women. • 3 components: o 1. Denial that there is continuing discrimination against women o 2. Antagonistic feelings about women’s “demands” o 3. Resentment about perceived special favors granted to women ← Types of Sexism: ← Hostile sexism : negative, hostile attitudes towards women and adversarial beliefs about gender relations, in which women are trying to spend most of their time trying to control men, whether through sexuality or feminism. ← Benevolent sexism : Beliefs about women that seem to be kind or benevolent; women are seen as pure beings who should be protected and adored; put on a pedestal. • Ex: chivalrous behavior • Many women don’t view this is sexism, however research shows that it does have an impact on their behavior/performance • Views women as weak ← Feminist : a person who favors political, economic, and social equality of women and men, and therefore favors the legal and social changes necessary to achieve that equality ← Gender similarities : ways in which males and females are similar father than different. ← ← Sources of bias in psychological research: ← Biased theoretical model, What questions are asked (and some ignored), sex bias in tests: Psychological measurement : process of assigning numbers to peoples characteristics, such as aggressiveness or intelligence • Ex: SAT Math section gender biased ← Overgeneralization : research error in which results are said to apply to broader group than one sampled (all men-sample) ← Quasi-experimental design : uses 2 or more groups, but participants not randomly assigned to groups so it is not a true experiment; studies of gender differences ← Experimenter effects : when some characteristics of the experimenter affect the way participants behave and therefore affect the research outcome • Ex: experimenter white or black, clothing of experimenter • Solve by having multiple experimenters ← Observer effects : when the researcher’s expectations affect his or her observations and recording of the data • Ex: expect boys to be more aggressive than can observe more aggressiveness from boys when it is really equal • Solve by “blind study” • Ex: rated emotion to male infants as “anger” and for girls “fear”...
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Exam 1 Study Guide-4 - Exam 1 Study Guide 21:17:00 ← Why...

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