Exam 1 Study Guide-4

Exam 1 Study Guide-4 - Exam 1 Study Guide 06/03/2011...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Exam 1 Study Guide 06/03/2011 21:17:00 Why study the psychology of women: Learn to think critically about gender and how it functions in society To understand womens experiences (different than mens) o Menstruation, pregnancy, childbirth, breastfeedingetc To correct gender bias found in many psychological theories and research Sex : Sexual behavior Gender : state of being male or female; Females, males, transgender Sexism : Discrimination or bias against people based on their gender. Sex bias. Old fashioned sexism 1950s and earlier; open or overt prejudice against women. Ex: women could not be news anchors, women arent as smart Modern Sexism/Neosexism : cover or subtle prejudiced beliefs about women. 3 components: o 1. Denial that there is continuing discrimination against women o 2. Antagonistic feelings about womens demands o 3. Resentment about perceived special favors granted to women Types of Sexism: Hostile sexism : negative, hostile attitudes towards women and adversarial beliefs about gender relations, in which women are trying to spend most of their time trying to control men, whether through sexuality or feminism. Benevolent sexism : Beliefs about women that seem to be kind or benevolent; women are seen as pure beings who should be protected and adored; put on a pedestal. Ex: chivalrous behavior Many women dont view this is sexism, however research shows that it does have an impact on their behavior/performance Views women as weak Feminist : a person who favors political, economic, and social equality of women and men, and therefore favors the legal and social changes necessary to achieve that equality Gender similarities : ways in which males and females are similar father than different. Sources of bias in psychological research: Biased theoretical model, What questions are asked (and some ignored), sex bias in tests: Psychological measurement : process of assigning numbers to peoples characteristics, such as aggressiveness or intelligence Ex: SAT Math section gender biased Overgeneralization : research error in which results are said to apply to broader group than one sampled (all men-sample) Quasi-experimental design : uses 2 or more groups, but participants not randomly assigned to groups so it is not a true experiment; studies of gender differences Experimenter effects : when some characteristics of the experimenter affect the way participants behave and therefore affect the research outcome Ex: experimenter white or black, clothing of experimenter Solve by having multiple experimenters Observer effects : when the researchers expectations affect his or her observations and recording of the data Ex: expect boys to be more aggressive than can observe more aggressiveness from boys when it is really equal Solve by blind study Ex: rated emotion to male infants as anger and for girls fear...
View Full Document

Page1 / 34

Exam 1 Study Guide-4 - Exam 1 Study Guide 06/03/2011...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online