Development of Corrections

Development of Corrections - Development of Corrections...

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Development of Corrections • Corrections: the variety of programs, services, facilities and organizations responsible for the management of people who have been accused or convicted of criminal offenses Invention of the Penitentiary Enlightenment: a movement during the 18th century in England and France in which concepts of liberalism, rationalism, equality, and individualism dominated social and political thinking • Showed new views on law and the criminal justice system • Before enlightenment Europeans used physical punishment but with the spread of the movement modern penal systems begin to emerge that emphasize fitting the punishment to the offender • John Howard • An influential sheriff who wrote The State of Prisons in England and Wales which described the horrible conditions he saw in prisons • Parliament passed the penitentiary act in response to the book • Penitentiary Act: called for the creation of a house of hard labor where offenders would be imprisoned for up to two years, ran on 4 basic principles:
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This note was uploaded on 03/06/2011 for the course CCJS 100 taught by Professor Gaston during the Spring '07 term at Maryland.

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Development of Corrections - Development of Corrections...

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