Youth Crime in the United States

Youth Crime in the United States - Youth Crime in the...

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Youth Crime in the United States • About 1.5 million arrests of juveniles take place each year 96,000 of these are for violent crimes • Youth crimes range from UCR index crimes to “youthful crimes” such as curfew violations, loitering, and being a runaway • Most juvenile crimes are committed by young males • Criminologists attribute the rise in youth crime to drug sales especially crack cocaine and increase in the carrying of guns • Youth gang presence in almost every American city The Development of Juvenile Justice • Philosophy of juvenile justice began in the US during social reform period in the late 19th century • Based on the idea that the state should act as would a parent in the interest of the child • 1960s shift to juvenile rights • 1980s focus on the problem of controlling youth crime • Idea originated in England • Parens patriae: the state as parent: the state as guardian and protector of all citizens (such as juveniles) who cannot protect themselves
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This note was uploaded on 03/06/2011 for the course CCJS 100 taught by Professor Gaston during the Spring '07 term at Maryland.

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Youth Crime in the United States - Youth Crime in the...

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