Ch10_Outline - Chapter 10 White Collar Crime Occupational...

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Chapter 10: White Collar Crime: Occupational and Corporate Crime C HAPTER O UTLINE The Classic Statement Related Concepts Measurement and Cost of Occupational and Corporate Crime History of Corporate, Organizational, and Occupational Crime Legal Regulation Occupational Crime Corporate Crime Criminal Careers of Occupational and Organizational Offenders T HE C LASSIC S TATEMENT Edwin Sutherland: o White Collar Crime: “A crime committed by a person of respectability and high social status in the course of his occupation.” o Suggested that the costs of white collar crime are greater than those of street crime. R ELATED C ONCEPTS Occupational Crime : Personal violations that take place for self-benefit during the course of a legitimate occupation. Organizational Crime: Crimes committed by officials on behalf of the employing organization. Corporate Crime: Organizational crimes in which the employing organization is a private business/corporation. T HE M EASUREMENT AND C OST OF O CCUPATIONAL AND C ORPORATE C RIME Little is known about the extent of these crimes. Problems faced by researchers: 1. The higher professions are self-regulating, and sometimes remain silent regarding violations. 2. Many employers simply ask for resignations from errant workers to avoid scandal. 3. Occupational crime statistics are not kept on a systematic basis by any agency or association.
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4. Probes of occupational wrongdoing by outsiders are usually greeted by secrecy. T HE H ISTORY OF C ORPORATE , O RGANIZATIONAL , AND O CCUPATIONAL C RIME A long history exists in the U.S. Typology of White Collar Crime (Edelhertz):
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Ch10_Outline - Chapter 10 White Collar Crime Occupational...

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