Ch12_Outline

Ch12_Outline - Chapter 12: Organized Crime CHAPTER OUTLINE...

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Chapter 12: Organized Crime C HAPTER O UTLINE Defining “Organized Crime” Street Gangs International Organized Crime The Nature of Organized Crime Drug Trafficking Theories of the Nature of Syndicate Crime in the United States The Classic Pattern of Organized Crime A Brief History of Organized Crime in the United States Criminal Careers of Organized Criminals Public and Legal Reaction D EFINING “O RGANIZED C RIME “Organized crime” has been described in different ways. Organized Crime (generic): Refers to group crime of any type. Organized Crime (criminological): Groups that: o Utilize violence or threats of violence; o Provide illicit goods that are in public demand; and o Assure immunity for their operators through corruption and enforcement. It may be useful to think of organized crime as a continuum. Types of Organized Crime (Albini): o Political-Social Organized Crime o Guerilla and terrorist groups and various militant social movements o Mercenary (Predatory) Organized Crime o Crimes committed by groups for direct personal profit o Associated with erroneously identified Mafias o In-Group Oriented Organized Crime o Gangs whose goals are psychological gratification o Syndicate Crime o Continuing group or org that participates in illiciat activity in any society by use of force, intimidation or threats o Structuring of a group or org whos purpose is to provide illicit services through the use of secrecy o Assurance of protection and immunity necessary for its operation thru political corruption or avoidance of prosecution
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S TREET G ANGS Four Myths of Street Gangs (Klein): 1. They are highly organized, very cohesive, and have centralized leadership. 2. Street gangs are all violent. 3. Street gangs control drug distribution in our cities. 4. Los Angeles gangs franchise drug distribution to the rest of the country. Gang Member Typology (Hagedorn): 1. “Legits” mature out of gangs. 2. “Homeboys” alternate between legitimate jobs and drug sales. o This is a majority of African-American and Latino adult gang members. 3.
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Ch12_Outline - Chapter 12: Organized Crime CHAPTER OUTLINE...

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