The Nature of Organized Crime

The Nature of Organized Crime - THE NATURE OF ORGANIZED...

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T HE N ATURE OF O RGANIZED C RIME “Queer Ladder of Mobility” (Ianni): Organized crime acts as an alternative means of upward mobility for those who have been excluded from legitimate systems of reward. Transnational Crime: Criminal activities that take place in more than one country. U.N. Convention Against Organized Crime Types of Organized Crime Groups (identified by U.N.): 1. Rigid hierarchy- single boss, divisions reporting to the center with a strong internal system of discipline 2. Devolved hierarchy- regional structures with own leadership hierarchy and autonomy 3. Hierarchical conglomerate- assoc of groups with single governing body varying from an umbrella-type body to flexible oversight arrangements 4. Core criminal group- relatively loose group characterized by horizontal rather than vertical arrangements 5. Organized criminal network- shifting alliances that do not regard themselves as an organized crime entry Money laundering : Making clean or washing “dirty money” (illegal funds).
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