Appearance - are encouraged to be sensitive to others&...

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Appearance; women are more likely to be dissatisfied with the way they look; cultural ideals vary (thinness and body image; African American women tend to be more satisfied with their bodies) - Women are more sensitive to nonverbal communications; display more overt interest, attention, and affiliation; constrict themselves physically; are given & use less space; use touch for affiliative purposes but are touched more; and restrict body gestures more often than men. - Men use nonverbal communication to signal power & status, to assert themselves & their agendas, to command territories, and to veil their emotions from public display. - Women are more skilled than men at interpreting others’ nonverbal communication to identify the emotions they are experiencing, but men are noticeably faster at noticing angry faces; 3 explanations: Sex-related brain differences Cognitive development & social learning theories—from childhood, women
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Unformatted text preview: are encouraged to be sensitive to others & relationships Standpoint theory—women as caregivers (prioritizes attending to others); results from standpoint as subordinate members of society- Nonverbal behaviors expected of women emphasize communality—building & sustaining relationships & community. Nonverbal behaviors considered appropriate for men emphasize agency—displaying power and initiative, achieving.- Western culture places higher value on the behaviors associated with masculinity than on those associated with femininity. “Normal” women are dependent, oriented towards relationships, deferential, unassertive, concerned with appearance, submissive, emotional, & uncompetitive. “Normal” men are independent, aggressive, competitive, more rational than emotional, and ambitious....
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This note was uploaded on 03/06/2011 for the course COMM 324 taught by Professor Krueger during the Spring '05 term at Maryland.

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