comm324 exam2

comm324 exam2 - GENDERED LIVES: CHAPTER 3 - Communication...

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GENDERED LIVES: CHAPTER 3 - Communication in society influences our understandings of gender and our gendered identities; it ALSO shapes society’s views of masculinity and femininity, and men and women’s roles - 2 ideologies: 1. Liberal feminism: women and men are alike and equal in most respects; therefore they should have equal opportunities 2. Cultural feminism: women and men are fundamentally different & therefore should have different, rights, roles, & opportunities. - First wave of women’s social movements: 1840-1925 Enlarging women’s political rights, Voting rights, Alice Paul and Lucy Burns —nonviolent protests, Lucretia Coffin Mott—representative to world- antislavery convention but was excluded because she was a woman; Mott & Elizabeth Cady Stanton—first women’s rights convention: Seneca Falls convention NY 1848 (Keynote address: declaration of sentiments delivered by Stanton) Ties between abolitionists & women’s rights efforts dissolved because many abolitionists believed that voting rights for black men had to precede women; movement mostly white); in 1870 Black men granted the right to vote & in 1920 women were granted voting rights Ideal of true womanhood: domesticity -Cult of domesticity: focus on homes, families, and communities led them to participate in efforts to end slavery and enact child labor laws; disagreed with liberal feminists -Thought women were more moral, nurturing etc. than men; led them to believe that women’s moral virtue would reform political world debased by men In 1925 the child labor laws amendment failed, signaling the end of the first wave - Second wave of women’s movements: 1960-1995 Radical feminism : (women’s liberation movement) grew out of new left politics that protested the Vietnam war and fought for civil rights so they were called the new left women -New left men treated new left women as subordinates Most basic principle: the oppression of women is the fundamental form of oppression on which all others are modeled “Rap” groups: consciousness-raising groups where women gathered to talk informally about personal experiences with sexism and link to larger social & political structures. Relied on revolutionary analysis & politics with high-profile events to call to attention the oppression of women Current groups: Missle Chick Dicks, Radical Cheerleaders Liberation of women in non-western countries
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-Irshad Manji—wants to reform Islam so that it provides women with the fairness it pledges (hasn’t delivered) Most important outcome: identification of the structural basis of women’s oppression; the connection between social practices and individual women’s situations was captured in radical feminists’ declaration that “personal is political” (launched women’s health movement). Refusal to organize has limited them, but has given a profound critique of
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comm324 exam2 - GENDERED LIVES: CHAPTER 3 - Communication...

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