Male generic language

Male generic language - coined did the public recognize...

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Male generic language: one way language erases women; it purports to include both women and men yet only refers to men (ex: businessman, mailman, mankind) Spotlighting: practice of highlighting a person’s sex (ex: lady doctor, woman lawyer); define women as the exception - Language defines men and women differently Women are defined by appearance/relationships; men are defined by activities, accomplishments/positions Language reflects views of women as passive and men as active when engaging in sex Language reflects views of women as defined by their relationships with others rather than independent agents (ex: old maid/spinster vs. bachelor) - Alternatives to traditional naming: retain birth names when married or renaming oneself to reflect matriarchal lineage - Language shapes awareness; only when the terms sexual harassment and date rape were
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Unformatted text preview: coined did the public recognize it (language is not static, we change language to reflect our changing understanding of the world).- Language organizes perceptions of gender: language stereotypes men and women and encourages polarized perceptions of sex & gender Polarized thinking views gender as only one of two opposites (man or woman, no trans-)- Language devalues females and femininity by deprecating women with trivializing terms referring to immaturity (ex: baby doll, girlie, sugar); derogatory language (slut) vs. complimentary language (stud)- Alternative to traditional sex-typing is androgyny (possessing qualities seen as masc. & fem.) • Gendered styles of verbal communication (language is used to express our gender identities)...
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