Nonverbal communication

Nonverbal communication - Nonverbal communication all...

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Nonverbal communication: all elements of communication other than words themselves; includes gestures, movement, inflection, volume, clothing, and environmental factors (space & color). • 3 Functions of nonverbal communication: 1. Supplement verbal communication—repeat words, contradict and/or compliment a verbal message, replace verbal behaviors (shrug shoulders instead of “I don’t know”) 2. Regulate interaction—signal to others that we wish to speak 3. Establish the relationship level of meaning -Primary dimensions: Responsiveness —showing attentiveness to others & interest what they say/do (ex: eye contact, inflection, attentive body posture); race/ethnicity interacts with gender to influence responsiveness Liking —signal that we like/dislike something (ex: vocal warmth, standing close, touching, holding eye contact, frown/glare, turning your back) Power or Control —degree to which we act as if we are equal to, dominant over, or deferential to others (ex: vocal qualities, touch, use of space); territoriality
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