9 - western division i. Not affirmed that they will improve...

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Notes 9/9 I. Argument Indicators An argument is a set of prop but not just any set To distinguish arguments from other propositional sets, we often rely on argument indicators-words like therefore, since, hence Argument indicator-Word or phrase that people sometimes use to indicate they are making an argument a. Premise indicators-the propositions that immediately follow premise indicators are the premises of the argument i. Since ii. Because iii. For iv. As v. For the reason that vi. In view of the fact that b. Conclusion indicators-The proposition that immediately follows a conclusion indicator is the conclusion of the argument. i. Therefore ii. Hence iii. Thus iv. So v. It follows that vi. Which establishes that c. Some words and phrases are commonly identified a argument indicators are not always II. “If…then” statements are not arguments a. In an argument, the arguer: i. Asserts that the premises are true ii. Takes a stand on the conclusion iii. Presents the premises as evidence for the conclusion b. Non argument: IF the dodgers improve their hitting THEN they will win the
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Unformatted text preview: western division i. Not affirmed that they will improve their hitting ii. Not claimed that they will win the western division iii. No provided evidence for thinking the dodgers will win c. Argument i. Affirm that they have improved their hitting ii. Committed self to proposition that dodgers will win iii. Intends to provide evidence they will win. Main Points In identifying argument, we often rely on linguistic clues called argument indicators There are two kind of argument indicators-premise indicators and conclusion indicators The statement or statements that immediately follow premise indicators are the premises The statement that immediately follows a conclusion indicator is the conclusion Words or phrases commonly identified as argument indicators need not always be used as such Statements of the form if X, then Y are not arguments...
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This note was uploaded on 03/03/2011 for the course PHIL 100 taught by Professor Forte during the Fall '08 term at Bridgewater State University.

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9 - western division i. Not affirmed that they will improve...

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