Subjectivist Fallacies - Todays Topics (9/16) I. II. a....

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3/4/11 Today’s Topics (9/16) I. What is a fallacy? II. Subjectivist Fallacies a. Subjectivism b. Appeal to majority c. Appeal to emotion d. Appeal to force
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3/4/11 I. What is a fallacy? Defined broadly, a fallacy is any error in reasoning. In logic, the term is normally restricted to specific patterns of reasoning errors that occur frequently enough to warrant a name.
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3/4/11 II. Subjectivist Fallacies Subjectivist Fallacies : Fallacies in which people shirk the effort of reasoning objectively by appealing to irrelevant subjective factors, e.g. beliefs or emotions.
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II. Subjectivist Fallacies This fallacy is committed when: Examples: We conclude that something is true simply because we believe it to be true; or I was brought up to believe in God. Therefore, God exists. We conclude that something is true simply because we want it to be true; or I want God to exist. Therefore, God exists. We stick to a conclusion by refusing to think about contrary evidence. I’ll think about that later.
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Subjectivist Fallacies - Todays Topics (9/16) I. II. a....

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