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Unformatted text preview: The Canton System Ebrey (p.295-305) I. The origin of single-port trade I I. The Canton trade A. The trading procedure B. Extractions and fees C. I tems traded I I I.Life for foreigners in Canton IV. British attempts to change the Canton system A. The Macartney mission, 1793 B. The Amherst mission, 1816 Key Terms 1.Hoppo 2. Ningbo (Ningpo) 3 .Whampoa 4. The Bogue 5. James Flint 6. Hong 7.Co-hong 8.Howqua 9.Compradors 10.Pidgin English 11. Kowtow 12.Jehol I.The origin of single port trade • Canton was the wealthiest city in the world • Britians loved tea, Shanghai was a manufacturer of tea • Europeans needed China more than China needed them • “Hoppo” superintendent of trade-requires official payments, can require bribes • Ninbo trade happening, but then required to only go through Whampoa • The Bogue was full of cannons, English must pass through, can’t even go into Canton • English ships go to Wampoa • James Flint complains, China says accept it • “Every country is equal from each other” • Once you cross over gated compound into embassy itself, you are on the embassy countries soil • Diplomats are immune and you cannot contain them...
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- Winter '11
- Qing Dynasty, People's Republic of China, Canton t rade