2.The Opium Wars Notes - The Opium Wars(I I II III I V The opium trade The Napier Fizzle of 1834 Charles Elliot and the opium issue Commissioner Lin in

2.The Opium Wars Notes - The Opium Wars(I I II III I V The...

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The Opium Wars(I) I. The opium trade II. The “Napier Fizzle” of 1834 III. Charles Elliot and the opium issue IV. Commissioner Lin in Canton A. British reaction V. The Treaty of Nanking Key Terms “Country Trade” Jarine, Matheson and Company Taipan Lord William John Napier Lord Palmerston Charles Elliot Lin Zexu Imperial Comissioner Wei Yuan Hong Kong Chusan(Zhoushan) Dinghai Tianjin Qishan Chuenpi(Chuanbi) Chuenpi Convention Sir Henry Pottinger Sanyuanli Qiying Treaty of Nanking Extraterritoriality-With the exception of opium traders, Americans in china were subject to
1820s “country trade”and “country ships” they go to the pearl river and under cover of night rowed small armed rowboats, then sell the things, row back to mainland and then product controlled by ChineseVolume increases exponentially, 1729- 200 chests/year sold. 1767- 1000 chests/year, 1820- 4500/year, 1837- 40 000/yearBy 1830 opium dens as common in china as gin houses in EnglandB find out, lower the price, more market, increase profit by sheer volumeOpium spread from Canton to anyone in the cityChing govnt had to take action because spreading from city to rural areas Dope trade draws in all foreign traders Jardine, Matheson and companyhandles 1/3 of all opium sold to ChinaB control large amount of opium market in China, America gets in on itAmerican traders hook up with Turkish opium producers, then send opium to ChinaRoosevelt family got rich off opium tradeB interested in opium, since ppl are more wealthy, they can charge more taxes B turns blind eye to opium problem, decide only fault of users China is bleeding silver by end of 1820s, bad enough, but China has a silver(big) and copper(small) currency, because of copper in relation to silver, taxes become huge Southern China ppl throw down the plough and turn to banditry because they can’t pay the taxes

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