2.The Opium Wars Notes - The Opium Wars(I) I. II. III. I V....

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The Opium Wars(I)I.The opium tradeII.The “Napier Fizzle” of 1834III.Charles Elliot and the opium issueIV.Commissioner Lin in CantonA.British reactionV.The Treaty of NankingKey Terms“Country Trade”Jarine, Matheson and CompanyTaipanLord William John NapierLord PalmerstonCharles ElliotLin ZexuImperial ComissionerWei YuanHong KongChusan(Zhoushan)DinghaiTianjinQishanChuenpi(Chuanbi)Chuenpi ConventionSir Henry PottingerSanyuanliQiyingTreaty of NankingExtraterritoriality-With the exception of opium traders, Americans in china were subject to
American laws, judges, courts and prisonsTreaty of WanghsiaTreaty of Whampoa“Century of shame”SinocentrismI.The Opium TradeChinese had almost every advantage in trade1826 trade was balanced, after 1826, began to be in B’s favourPpl addicted to opium, produced sleepy dreamy feelingDeath penalty in C for growing opiumLaced with tobacco and smokeAllowed in C for medical purposes1620s on island of Taiwan, first illegal use. Dutch introducted it. Opiumand tobacco mixed together, smoked produces a highOpium abuse spread from Taiwan to mainland1729 opium abuse large enough that emperor prohibits its abuse1796 opium illegalB realize if they make enough opium demand, then they could make akillingOpium grown in British IndiaOpium rolled into bowling balls. Bengall, sold to ChinaB merchants drop off stuff in Bengall, then does private trade
1820s“country trade”and “country ships” they go to the pearl river andunder cover of night rowed small armed rowboats, then sell the things,row back to mainland and then product controlled by ChineseVolume increases exponentially, 1729- 200 chests/year sold. 1767- 1000chests/year, 1820- 4500/year, 1837- 40 000/yearBy 1830 opium dens as common in china as gin houses in EnglandB find out, lower the price, more market, increase profit by sheer volumeOpium spread from Canton to anyone in the cityChing govnt had to take action because spreading from city to rural areasDope trade draws in all foreign tradersJardine, Matheson and companyhandles 1/3 of all opium sold toChinaB control large amount of opium market in China, America gets in on itAmerican traders hook up with Turkish opium producers, then sendopium to ChinaRoosevelt family got rich off opium tradeB interested in opium, since ppl are more wealthy, they can charge moretaxes B turns blind eye to opium problem, decide only fault of usersChina is bleeding silver by end of 1820s, bad enough, but China has asilver(big) and copper(small) currency, because of copper in relation tosilver, taxes become hugeSouthern China ppl throw down the plough and turn to banditry becausethey can’t pay the taxes

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Term
Winter
Professor
Dr.Wright
Tags
Opium Wars, Qing Dynasty, Lin Zexu, First Opium War

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