chapter 2 - Management Science II Dr.T.T.Narendran Indian...

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Unformatted text preview: Management Science II Dr.T.T.Narendran Indian Institute of Technology Madras MODULE 3 Facilities Planning, Location, Layout And Movement Of Materials Factors To Be Considered For Selection Of Region • Primary Factors • Market nearness • Raw-material availability • Labour availability • Transport availability • Power and fuel supply • Existence of similar firms Secondary Facorst • Climate suitability • Character of the inhabiting community • State and local taxation-rates • Expansion facility • Decentralization suitability Selection Of Locality • City Rural Area • Cheap land • Avenue for expansion • Low taxes • Buildings less costly Management Science II Dr.T.T.Narendran Indian Institute of Technology Madras • Fewer operating restrictions • Simpler labour relations • Absence of allied industry • Absence of skilled labour • Absence of transport & public utility • Absence of banking (less) • Restricted local market Ample Market Skilled Labour Nearness to allied industry Public utility services Transport Banking & Finance Education Recreation High cost High tax Restrictions Management Science II Dr.T.T.Narendran Indian Institute of Technology Madras • Suburban – via media • Industrial Estates • Selection of site – breakeven analysis Pic1 Layout – Other Forms • Cellular Manufacturing Systems • Fixed Position Layout Pic 2 • What do we see in this figure ? • Machines arranged like a product • layout • Smooth flow of work • Less movement of materials The logical question is : • How do we form groups ? Management Science II Dr.T.T.Narendran Indian Institute of Technology Madras • Broadly there are three ways to do it • Visual inspection • Use your experience, technical knowledge and identify the part families that require the same kind of machines • Process Flow Analysis (PFA) • Study the route card and group the machines that process the same parts • Part Characteristic Analysis (PCA) • Code and classify parts or...
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This note was uploaded on 03/04/2011 for the course HR 303 taught by Professor Sanghamitra during the Fall '05 term at Indian Institute of Technology, Chennai.

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chapter 2 - Management Science II Dr.T.T.Narendran Indian...

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