Mario Colacino Professor Marin K. Kurti May 6th2020 Introduction Marijuana is illegal in most parts of the world, and the people who are found using it face harsh punishments. Most countries only consider the negative side effects of marijuana hence make it illegal. Nevertheless, there are more than 14 countries in the world that marijuana is legal. In 2018, Canada became one of the countries alongside India, Japan, England, and Mexico to legalize it for medical and enjoyment purposes. Many states in the USA, including Nevada, California, and Ohio, have legalized marijuana. There have been various debates to legalize marijuana in the countries where its use is illegal. This causes many young people to have criminal records as they use it contrary to the set laws. The argument about whether to legalize it all parts of the U.S. is still ongoing. This research paper seeks to investigate the main determinants of Marijuana legalization in the United States. This includes age, gender, level of education, and self-control. Younger individuals are more likely to support the legalization of marijuana than older people age 30-60 years. Younger people use marijuana for recreational purposes, not considering the side effects. Older people, on the other hand, are likely to consider the negative side effects of marijuana hence vote against it. Statistics also show that males are more likely to vote for marijuana legalization than females. Studies from the World Health Organization (WHO) indicated that 72.5% of the number that smokes the drug are male. The level of education is also a determinant
of marijuana legalization. Individuals with high education levels are aware of the pros and cons of marijuana, therefore, more likely to vote against its legalization. In America, marijuana is classified as schedule 1 substance by the federal government, though 29 states, the capital., have supported marijuana for medical use and are yet to pass laws legalizing marijuana for recreational purposes. Literature review Denham (2019) conducted research on the effects of individual attitudes towards the legalization of marijuana in the U.S. The study conducted for a period of 30 years showed that the political party affiliation of individuals played a huge role in marijuana legalization. The research, which included attitudes at 16 points in time across the period 1986-2016, indicated that political ideology and partisanship in the U.S. government played a huge role in the legalization of marijuana for recreational purposes. The study indicated that political ideology showed significance when Republicans showed insignificant support than democrats and Independents. Most of the individuals in the U.S. express interest in matters that the political parties of their choice support. (Denham, 2019)indicated that individual attitudes played a role in the decision to legalize marijuana.