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Outline Lecture 23 ec sp10

Outline Lecture 23 ec sp10 - i June 4 1989 III “Domino...

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Week Nine Outline Lecture Twenty-Three The Collapse of Communism I) 1989 as Watershed Year a) Breakthroughs in Eastern Europe b) The Precedence of Tiananmen i) Model for mass civil disobedience in the communist bloc (1) Led by intellectual elite (a) In China, internationally-esteemed physicist, Fang Lizhi (b) In Eastern Europe, similar trend (i) Shelley: “Poets are the unacknowledged legislators of the world” (2) Openness to negotiation and compromise (3) Skillful appeal to Western media, foreign governments, and public opinion ii) Safeguard against violence? (1) CNN and revolutions (2) A “Velvet Revolution” of a non -violent nature II) The Student Movement in Tiananmen, 1989 a) The Timing of the Protest i) Significance of anniversaries: French Revolution, May Fourth, Communist triumph b) The Prelude to Tiananmen i) Deng Xiaoping and Post-Cultural Revolution Reforms in 1970s ii) Death of Hu Yaobang in April 1989 c) Escalation of Conflicts
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Unformatted text preview: i) June 4, 1989 III) “Domino Effect” in Reverse—Revolutions in Eastern Europe a) Poland as the First Breach i) Pope John Paul II’s visit in 1979 ii) Strikes at Gdansk shipyards iii) Erosion of Communist Regimes iv) Same pattern in Hungary, East Germany, and Czechoslovakia b) The Role of Gorbachev i) Reforms in the 1980s (1) Perestroika: (2) Glasnost ii) The “Sinatra Doctrine” (1) Why This Shift in Policy? (a) “Internal empire” vs. “external empire” (b) Exhausted key economic resources IV) Implications for a Post-Cold War World a) Cold War as a Distraction i) Domestic issues in the U.S. the media had ignored during Cold War era ii) Foreign Policy Dictated by Containment iii) Alperovitz and Bird’s Argument (1) How economic disaster was averted (2) “Very weak medicine for a very sick economy” (3) Is there a “Third” way in the post- Cold War world?...
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