10 Protozoa SF10 - Sarcodina Mastigophora (Greek: mastigos...

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Microbiology 101 GENERAL MICROBIOLOGY September 29, 2010 • Protista Algae Protozoa
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Nucleus-->(Eukaryon = Greek: Karyon = ‘kernal’ or ‘nut’) DNA with histone proteins/Diploid/Haploid Gametes/Zygote--> new genetic combinations Algae:
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Kingdom Protista: subkingdom Protozoa (Greek: protos = first/zoion = animals) Morphology of protozoa Eucaryotic cells (similar to algae, but lack chloroplasts) Cell membrane Outer envelope-->Test/pellicle Contractile vacuole->osmoregulation Nucleus: Macronucleus/Micronucleus Trophozoite (‘trophs’)/Cyst Motility: Flagella/Cilia/Pseudopodia Traditionally four groups: Mastigophora, Sarcodina, Ciliophora & Sporozoa
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Sarcodina (Greek: sarkos = flesh) Grouped by type of pseudopod and presence of a test Amoeba proteus Entamoeba histolytica : Trophs/cysts Arcella sp Foraminifera Radiolarians (class Actinopodea/order Radiolarida) Heliozoans (class Actinopodea/order Heliozoida) Actinosphaerium sp.
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Amoeba proteus Sarcodina
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Amoeba sp cell dividing Sarcodina
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Sarcodina
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Arcella sp Difflugia sp Sarcodina
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Foraminifera Sarcodina
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Heliozoan with axopodia Radiolarians Sarcodina
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Axopodium 9 + 2
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Unformatted text preview: Sarcodina Mastigophora (Greek: mastigos = whip) Grouped by presence of chloroplasts Phytomastigophorea (class) Euglena sp Zoomastigophorea (class) Trypanasoma sp Trichomonas sp Giardia sp Mastigophora Trypanasoma sp Mastigophora Trypanasoma sp in pure culture Trypanasoma sp dividing Mastigophora Giardia sp ‘troph’ Giardia sp ‘cyst’ Mastigophora Trichomonas sp Mastigophora Ciliophora (Latin: cilium = eyelid) Grouped by type of cilia ->locomotion/food gathering Holotrichic/Hypotrichic/Peritrichic Paramecium bursaria (endosymbiont-> Chlorella parameceii) Tetrahymena pyriformis Euplotes sp. Vorticella sp Blepharisma sp Cilia: locomotion/food gathering Ciliophora Tetrahymena sp Blepharisma sp Ciliophora Paramecium bursaria Ciliophora Euplotes sp Ciliophora Vorticella sp Ciliophora Conjugation Ciliophora Sporozoa (Greek: spora= seed) No organelles of motility in mature cells /complex life cycle/obligate parasites Plasmodium sp. Cryptosporidium sp. Cyclospora sp. Plasmodium life cycle 18s rDNA sequence analysis...
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This note was uploaded on 03/04/2011 for the course MICRO 101 at San Jose State University .

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10 Protozoa SF10 - Sarcodina Mastigophora (Greek: mastigos...

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