LICIT AND ILLICIT DRUGS
As we continue to unlock the mysteries of the mind, we have learned a great deal about how addiction, the
unhealthy involvement in mood-altering activities, occurs.
Chapter 7 introduces students to the physiology of
addiction in general and explains the negative consequences of addictions, setting the stage for a deeper
examination of substance abuse.
It then provides an understanding of the six categories of drugs and how
pharmaceutical, over-the-counter, and illicit drugs fit into these categories, important information for the student
who is trying to decide which drugs are safe and which are not.
It is important that students become educated
consumers, understanding the effects and potential dangers of drugs whether prescribed by a physician or
bought in the grocery store.
Drug interactions can be dangerous, whether talking about herbal remedies, over-
the-counter treatments, prescription medications, or illicit drugs.
After a look at legal drugs, the chapter looks
at the illicit drug problem, one that is rising on college campuses.
It is very important that students understand
the consequences of illegal substance use on their health and their futures.
This chapter outlines the scheduling
of illicit drugs and also describes the major drugs used in each of the five categories of drugs.
chapter is intended to help students become aware of the advantages and disadvantages of drug use, misuse, and
Discuss the six categories of drugs and explain their routes of administration.
Compare choices in prescription and over-the-counter drugs, and identify actions that will maximize the
benefit received from these drugs.
Discuss proper drug use and explain how hazardous drug interactions occur.
Discuss patterns of illicit drug use, including who uses illicit drugs and why.
Describe the use and abuse of controlled substances, including cocaine, amphetamines, marijuana,
opiates, hallucinogens, designer drugs, inhalants, and steroids.
Profile illegal drug use in the United States, including frequency, financial impact, arrests for drug
offenses, and impact on the workplace.
Describe the signs of addiction.
Drugs work because they physically resemble chemicals produced naturally in the body and attach to
the receptor sites for the natural chemicals.
There are six categories of drugs:
Prescription drugs are those drugs that can be obtained only with the
written prescription of a licensed physician.
Over-the-counter drugs can be purchased in pharmacies and discount
Recreational drugs is a vague category containing alcohol, tobacco, chocolate, and coffee.