CHAPTER_14__Aging - I II CHAPTER 14 Aging Death Dying LIFES...

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I. CHAPTER 14 Aging, Death, Dying II. LIFE’S TRANSITIONS LEARNING OBJECTIVES 1. Define aging, and explain the related concepts of biological psychological social legal and functional age. 2. Explain how the growing population of older adults will impact society. 3. Discuss the unique health challenges faced by older adults, such as alcohol abuse, use of prescription and over-the-counter drugs, osteoporosis, urinary incontinence, depression, senility, and Alzheimer’s disease. 4. Discuss strategies for healthy aging that can begin during young adulthood. 5. Define death, and analyze why people deny death in Western Culture. 6. Discuss the stages of the grieving process, and describe strategies for coping more effectively with death. 7. Describe the ethical concerns that arise from the concepts of the right to die and rational suicide. 8. Review the decisions that need to be made when someone is dying or has died, including hospice care, funeral arrangements, wills, and organ donations. OUTLINE I. Growing Old: Life Passages. A. Who you are as you age and the manner in which you view aging are important factors in how successfully you will adapt to life’s transitions. B. Aging has been described as the patterns of life changes that occur in members of all species as they grow older. People vary on when it begins. Some say at the moment of conception, others at the moment of birth and still others say aging begins at 40. II. Redefining Aging. A. Ageism is defined as discrimination against people based on age. B. Gerontology is the study of individual and collective aging processes. 1. There are several age-related characteristics used to determine age development. a. Biological age refers to the relative age or condition of the person’s organs and body systems. b. Psychological age refers to a person’s adaptive capacities, such as coping abilities and intelligence, and to the person’s awareness of his or her individual capabilities. c. Social age refers to a person’s habits and roles relative to society’s expectations.
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d. Legal age is based on chronological years and is used to determine such things as voting rights, driving privileges, drinking age, eligibility for Social Security payments, etc. e. Functional age refers to the ways in which people compare to others of a similar age. C. Successful aging involves the following characteristics: 1. Managed to avoid serious, debilitating diseases and disability. 2. Maintain a high level of physical functioning, live independently, engage in most normal activities of daily living 3. Maintained cognitive functioning and are actively engaged in mentally challenging and stimulating activities. 4. Actively engaged in social and productive activities. 5.
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CHAPTER_14__Aging - I II CHAPTER 14 Aging Death Dying LIFES...

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