Chapter 37 - 37 DIGESTION AND HUMAN NUTRITION ChapterOutline

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
37 DIGESTION AND  HUMAN  NUTRITION Chapter Outline IMPACTS, ISSUES: HOMINIDS, HIPS,  AND  HUNGER 37.1 THE NATURE OF DIGESTIVE  SYSTEMS Incomplete and Complete Systems Dietary Adaptations 37.2 OVERVIEW OF THE HUMAN   DIGESTIVE SYSTEM Into the Mouth, Down  the Tube 37.3 FOOD IN THE MOUTH 37.4 FOOD BREAKDOWN IN THE  STOMACH AND  SMALL INTESTINE Digestion in the Stomach Digestion in the Small Intestine Controls over Digestion 37.5 ABSORPTION FROM THE SMALL  INTESTINE From Structure to Function What Are the Absorption Mechanisms? Water and Solute Absorption Fat Absorption 37.6 THE LARGE INTESTINE Colon Structure and Function Health and the Colon 37. 7 WHAT HAPPENS TO ABSORBED  ORGANIC COMPOUNDS? 37.8 HUMAN  NUTRITIONAL  REQUIREMENTS USDA Dietary Recommendations Energy-Rich Carbohydrates Good Fat, Bad Fat Body-Building Proteins Regarding the Alternative Diets 37.9 VITAMINS AND  MINERALS 37.10 WEIGHTY QUESTIONS,  TANTALIZING ANSWERS  What Is the “Right” Body Weight? A Question of Portion Sizes Genes, Hormones, and Obesity SUMMARY SELF-QUIZ CRITICAL THINKING Objectives 1. Know  the  general  way  in  which  a  digestive  system  is  structured  among  different  animals.  Realize the behavioral limitations of organisms with incomplete digestive systems. 2. Understand  the structure  and  function of the various organs of the human  digestive system. 3. Know  the path  that a bite of food takes as it is digested  in the body. 4. Understand  which nutrients, vitamins, and  minerals are necessary too support  metabolism. 5. Explain how  body weight is maintained  by balancing caloric intake and  physical activity. Digestion  and  Human  Nutrition 77
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Key Terms absorption anus appendix bile body mass index (BMI) brush  border cells cholecystokinin  (CCK) chyme colon complete digestive     system digestion digestive system elimination emulsification esophagus essential amino acids essential fatty acids feces gastrin gastric fluid gastrointestinal tract glycemic index incomplete digestive     system inorganic large intestine low-carb diet mechanical processing Mediterranean  diet micelle formation microvilli minerals mucosa organic organic metabolism pharynx rectum ruminants secretin secretion segmentation small intestine sphincter stomach tooth trans -fatty acids villi vitamins Lecture Outline Impacts, Issues: Hominids, Hips, and  Hunger A. Mammals store fat in their adipose cells in case food becomes scarce. 1. Adipose cells make a hormone, leptin, which suppresses appetite. 2.
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 9

Chapter 37 - 37 DIGESTION AND HUMAN NUTRITION ChapterOutline

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online